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Flashcards in Italy - Veneto Deck (48):
1

DOCG of

Veneto

4C-3Reccio-BF-LAMPS

Colli Asolani (Prosecco)

Colli di Conegliano

Colli Euganel Flor d'Arancio

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco

Recioto di Gambellara

Recioto di Soave

Recioto della Valpolicella

Bardolino Superiore

Friularo di Bagnoli

Lison
(*shared with Friuli)

Amarone della Valpolicella

Montello Rosso

Piave Malanotte

Soave Superiore

2

What is a Fruttaio

The large airy room where grapes are dried in Valpolicella

Source:
http://www.tommasiwine.it/en/the-appassimento/

3

What is an Arele?

The typical "hurdles" of wood and bamboo, where some of the grapes used to produce Amarone is still dried in the traditional manner.

4

Describe Appassimento

After harvest grapes are laid out in flat bins --the traditional wooden ones are called "Arele".

They are allowed to dry until a minimum of December 1st on the year of harvest before they are pressed. Many houses wait until sometime in January though, preferring to decide based upon grape condition, sugar level, and flavor.

The traditional grapes of the region (Corvina, Crvinone, and Rondinella) gave thick skins which allow them to preserve freshness while drying. They tyipcally lose about 30-35% of their original weight by the end of the drying period.

5

Describe Ripasso

Ripasso is a way to gain more flavor structure and sugar for the wines of Valpolicella DOC that are not bound for Amarone.

After the grapes for Valpolicella are pressed and fermented once they are put aside to store. All the while the grapes for Amarone are going through their druing period.

Once the Amarone destined grapes have finished drying they are pressed and macerated with the juice to ferment; in some cases for 40 days.

The skins and solids are removed from the freshly fermented Amarone.

Those grape skins are preserved and re-soaked with the saved Valpolicella wine. The residual sugar from the skins and fresh yeast begin a second fermentation

6

Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG

(Rd!)

Rosso Only!!
Classico - Valpatena
Normale - Riserva

45-95% Corvina
5-30% Rondinella

25% Max 'other'

~12 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV at harvest~
~14% min ABV~
(dried)

12 g/l max RS

*For every 0.10% of ABV > 14%,
0.10 g/l more RS is allowed

**For every 0.10% of ABV > 16%,
0.15 g/l more RS is allowed

Normale
*2 years from 1/1

Riserva
*4 years from 11/1

Classico Zone has 5 communes:
FN-MSS
(F'ing Mass!)

Fumane
Negrar
Marano
Sant 'Ambrosia
San Pietro

Notes:
- Producers can only use 65% Max of their harvest for Amarone. The rest must go into Valpolicella or Valpo Ripasso.
- Grapes may not be vinified before 12/1 on year of harvest.

7

What are the aging requirements of

Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG?
(normale)

Normale
*2 years min aging from 1/1

----------

Riserva
*4 years min aging from 11/1

8

What are the aging requirements of

Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG?
(riserva)

Riserva
*4 years mn aging from 11/1

----------

Normale
*2 years min aging from 1/1

9

What is the Max RS for Amarone?

12 g/l max RS

*For every 0.10% of ABV > 14%,
0.10 g/l more RS is allowed

-or-
0.5 extra g/l RS per 0.5% ABV
(until 16% ABV)

additionally...

**For every 0.10% of ABV > 16%,
0.15 g/l more RS is allowed

-or-
0.75 extra g/l RS per 0.5% ABV

Note:
- These rules must rarely really be used....
- I checked many of the top Amarone producers' tech sheets. Rarely are they over 8 g/l RS; even though the wines are well above 15% & 16% ABV

10

Major Zones of Valpolicella region

Valpantena

Classico

Est..?

 

Previous MS Test ?

11

Communes of

Valpolicella Classico Zone

FN-MSS
(F'ing Mass!)

Fumane

Negrar

Marano

Sant 'Ambrosio

San Pietro

12

What is the maximum amount of a harvest

a producer can make Amarone with?

65% Max

- The rest must go in to Valpolicella or Valpolicella Ripasso

13

Bardolino Superiore DOCG

(Rd!)

Rosso Only!!
Superiore - Classico

35-65% Corvina Veronese*
(*lower Quality corvina)
10-40% Rondinella

~9 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

Classico Zone has 6 communes:
BLACC-G
Bardolino
Lazise
Affi
Cavaion
Costermano
Garda

14

What styles of wine are made in

Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG?

White Only!!

Bianco Secco (still)

Bianco Dolce (still)

Bianco Spumante (sweet)

Bianco Passito (sweet)

15

Colli Asolani (Prosecco) DOCG

(W, Frz, Spk)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)

Still
~12 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Frizzante
same numbers as Still

~may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

secco - amabile (?)

Spumante Superiore
~11% min ABV~

16

What is

Rifermentazione in Bottiglia?

Secondary fermentation has taken place in the bottle.

Note:
If this method was used this term Must be on the label in:
- Colli Asolani Frizzante DOCG
- Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosecco Frizzante DOCG

17

What styles of wine are made in

Colli Asolani DOCG?

White Only!!
(85% min Glera)

Bianco Tranquillo

BIanco Frizzante

Bianco Spumante Superiore

18

Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG
(bianco still)

Bianco Only!!
Bianco (secco -or- dolce)
Spumante (dolce) - Passito

95% Moscato Giallo

~12 tons/ha~

Bianco (still)
(Secco -or- Dolce)

'Secco'
~10.5% min ABV~

'Dolce'
~10.5% min ABV~
~{4.5% actual}~

50 g/l min RS

----------

Spumante
(sweet only!)

~10.5% min ABV~
~{6.5% actual?}~

50 g/l min RS

Passito
~15.5% min ABV~
~{11% actual}~

*1 year aging from 11/1

50 g/l min RS

19

Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG
(bianco spumante)

Bianco Only!!
Bianco (secco -or- dolce)
Spumante (dolce) - Passito

95% Moscato Giallo

~12 tons/ha~

Spumante
(sweet only!)

~10.5% min ABV~
~{6.5% actual?}~

50 g/l min RS

----------

Bianco (still)
(Secco -or- Dolce)

'Secco'
~10.5% min ABV~

'Dolce'
~10.5% min ABV~
~{4.5% actual}~

50 g/l min RS

Passito
~15.5% min ABV~
~{11% actual}~

*1 year aging from 11/1

50 g/l min RS

20

Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG
(bianco passito)

Bianco Only!!
Bianco (secco -or- dolce)
Spumante (dolce) - Passito

95% Moscato Giallo

~12 tons/ha~

Passito
~15.5% min ABV~
~{11% actual}~

*1 year aging from 11/1

50 g/l min RS

----------

Bianco (still)
(Secco -or- Dolce)

'Secco'
~10.5% min ABV~

'Dolce'
~10.5% min ABV~
~{4.5% actual}~

50 g/l min RS

Spumante
(sweet only!)

~10.5% min ABV~
~{6.5% actual?}~

50 g/l min RS

21

Colli Euganei Fior d'Arancio DOCG

(W, Spk, Pas)

Bianco Only!!
Bianco (secco -or- dolce)
Spumante (dolce) - Passito

95% Moscato Giallo

~12 tons/ha~

Bianco (still)
(Secco -or- Dolce)

Secco
~10.5% min ABV~

Dolce
~10.5% min ABV~
~{4.5% actual}~

50 g/l min RS

Spumante
(sweet only!)

~10.5% min ABV~
~{6.5% actual?}~

50 g/l min RS

Passito
~15.5% min ABV~
~{11% actual}~

*1 year aging from 11/1

50 g/l min RS

22

What styles of wine are produced in

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG?

White Only!!

Bianco (still)

Frizzante

Spumante Superiore

Spumante Superiore "Rive"

Spumante Superiore Carteza

23

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(bianco still)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

Bianco (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

----------

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

24

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(frizzante)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

----------

White (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

25

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(spumante superiore)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

----------

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

White (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

26

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(spumante superiore "Rive")

Bianco Only!!
White - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

----------

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

White (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

27

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(all)

(W, Frz, Spk)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

White (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

28

Sub-Zone of

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG

Carteza

(only for Spumante Superiore)

~12 tons/ha~

~11.5% min ABV~

29

Conegliano Valdobbiadene Prosseco DOCG
(spumante superiore "Carteza")

Bianco Only!!
White - Frizzante - Spumante Superiore
S.S. "Rive" - S.S. Carteza

85% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, Serpina)

Press Max:
-70 liters per 100kg of grapes max-

Spumante Superiore di Carteza
~12 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Must come from the Carteza sub-zone.

----------

Spumante Superiore
~13.5 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Spumante Superiore "Rive"
~13 tons/ha~
~11% min ABV~

Must be:
-Vintage dated
-Hand harvested
-Indicate an approved single (hillside) vineyard on label

White (still)
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Frizzante
~13.5 tons/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

-may undergo secondary ferment in bottle...
"Rifermentazione in Bottiglia"

30

Friularo di Bagnole DOCG

(Rd, VT, Pas)

Rosso Only!!
Normale - Classico
Riserva - VT  (dry) - Passito

90% min Raboso Piave
(aka: Friularo)

~12 tons/ha~

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

*12 months aging from 11/1

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
12 months in barrel

Vendemmia Tardiva
(secco)
~11.5% min ABV~

60% min of grapes must be harvested after 11/11
(Feast of San Martino)

Passito
~15.5% min ABV~
~{12.5% actual}~

*24 months in barrel from 11/1 (?)

-grapes dried until 12/8

Classico
Riserva - VT (dry) - Passito

~11 tons/ha~

-from the Classico zone.

31

Lison DOCG

(W!)

[in both Friuli & Veneto]

Bianco Only!!

85% min Friulano
(aka: Tai, Sauvignonaisse)
(fka: Tocai Friulano)

White
~11 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 3/1

Classico
~10 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

-Must come from the Classico sub-zone

32

Motello Rosso DOCG

(Rd!)

Rosso Only!!
Normale - Superiore

40-70% Cabernet Sauvignon
30-60% combined:
Merlot, Cab Franc, Carmenere

Normale
~10 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*18 months aging from 11/1
**9 months in oak
**6 months in bottle

Superiore
~10 tons/ha~
~13% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak. 
**6 months in bottle.

33

Piave del Malanotte DOCG

(Rd!)

Rosso Only!!

70% min Raboso Piave
(aka: Friularo)

30% Max Raboso Veronese

~12 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*3 years aging from 11/1
**12 months in barrel. 
**4 months in bottle.

34

Recioto della Valpolicella DOCG

(Rd, Spk)

Rosso Only!!
Normale - Spumante
Classico - Valpetena - Valpetena Spumante

45-95% Corvina
(Corvinone 50% Max of this)
5-30% Rondinella

25% Max 'other'

~12 tons/ha~
~14% min ABV (dried)~
(harvested at 11%)
~{12% actual}~

*may NOT be vinified before 12/1

35

Recioto di Gambellara DOCG

(W, Spk)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Spumante

100% Garganega

~12.5 tons/ha~
(for DOC; half can be used for Recioto)

*released 9/1

Still
~14% min ABV~
~{11.5% actual}~

Spumante
~14% min ABV~
~{11% actual}~

Gambellara is made in 5 communes:
Classico
Gambellara
Montebello Vincentino
Montorso
Zermeghedo

36

What styles of wine are made in

Friularo di Bagnole DOCG?

Rosso Only!!

Rosso

Rosso Riserva

Vendemmia Tardiva Secco

Passito

Classico
(Normale - Riserva - VT - Passito)

37

Recioto di Soave DOCG

(W, Spk)

Bianco Only!!
Still - Spumante

70% min Garganega

30% Max combined:
Trebbiano (aka: Ugni Blanc),
Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco

~9 tons/ha~

*released 9/1

Still
~16% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

Spumante
~16% min ABV~
~{11.5% actual}~

38

Soave Superiore DOCG

(W!)

Bianco Only!!
Classico - Colli Scaligeri
Normale - Riserva

70% min Garganega

30% Max combined:
Trebbiano (aka: Ugni Blanc),
Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco

Normale
~10 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 9/1
**3 months in bottle

Riserva
~10 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Colli Scaligeri
- Wines from hillside vineyards whose terroir is considered superior but which lie outside the official Soave Classico zone

Classico is made in 2 communes:
- Soave
- Monforte d'Alpone

 

39

What styles of wine are made in

Colli di Conegliano DOCG?

Bianco

Rosso

Rosso Riserva

Rosso Refrontolo

Rosso Refrontolo Passito

Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

40

Communes of

Gambellara

(5)

CGZ-MM

Classico

Gambellara

Zermeghedo

Montebello Vincentino

Montorso

41

What is "Colli Scaligeri"?

Used in Soave

Indicates wines are from hillside vineyards whose terroir is considered superior but which lie outside the official Soave Classico zone.

42

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(bianco)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

----------

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

43

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

----------

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

44

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(rosso)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

----------

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

45

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(rosso riserva)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Rosso Riserva
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

----------

Rosso
(same grapes as Riserva)
~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

46

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(rosso refrontolo)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

----------

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

47

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(rosso refrontolo passito)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

----------

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak.
**3 months min in bottle

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

48

Colli di Conegliano DOCG
(all)

(W, Rd, Pst)

Rosso - Rosso Riserva
Rosso Refrontolo - Rosso Refrontolo Passito
Bianco - Torchiato di Fregona Passito Bianco

Bianco
30% min Manzoni Bianco
30% min combined:
Chardonnay + Pinot Bianco

10% Max combined:
Sauv Blanc + Riesling

~12% min ABV~

*4 months aging from 11/1

Rosso
10-40% Merlot
10% min Cab Sauv
10% min Cab Franc
10% min Marzemino

20% Max combined:
Refosco + Manzoni

~12.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**6 months min in oak. 
**3 months min in bottle

Rosso Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*36 months aging from 11/1
**12 months in oak.

Refrontolo
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~14.5% min ABV~

*24 months aging
12 months in oak
3 months in bottle.

Refrontolo Passito
(rosso)

95% min Marzemino

~15% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*4 months aging from 11/1
**3 months in bottle

Torchiato di Fregona Passito
(bianco)

30% min Glera
(aka: Prosecco, or Serpina)
25% min Boschera
20% min Verdiso

~18% min ABV~
~{14% actual}~

*24 months aging from 11/1
**5 months in bottle.

-Grapes must be dried min 150 days.
-Cannot be pressed until 2/1.

Decks in Europe - Major Countries Class (114):