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Flashcards in Spain - La Rioja Deck (36):
1

Sub-zones of Rioja

Rioja Alta
(best)
- structure and acidity -

Rioja Alavesa
(smallest - northernmost)
(in Basque country)
- fresheness | carbonic -

Rioja Baja
(hottest - for bulk wines)
- extract | alcohol -

2

What are the authorized white varieties of

Rioja DOCa?

VMT-GMT
CSV

Viura

Malvasía

Tempranillo Blanca

Garnacha Blanca

Maturana Blanca

Turruntés

----------

49% Max combined:
Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Verdejo

----------

75% Max white grapes
may be used in Rosado production

3

What are the authorized red varieties of

Rioja DOCa?

T-GM-GM

Tempranillo

Garnacha

Mazuelo
(aka: Cariñena)

Graciano

Maturana Tinta

==========

95% min of these if destemmed

85% min of these if whole cluster

==========

25% min of red grapes 
must be used in Rosado wine production

4

What are the main rivers of Rioja?

Ebro River
most important river

Tiron River
(tributary of the Ebro)
- flows east towards Haro -

Oja River
(tributary of the Tiron)
- flows north towards Haro -
this is the river Rioja is named after

Note:
- Ebro River starts in the Cantabrian Mountains and flows southeast to the Mediterranean near Tarragona.

5

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(blanco - rosado)
[no sub-zone]

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

6

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(tinto)
​[no sub-zone]

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

7

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Baja Blanco)

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

8

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Alta/Alavesa Blanco)

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

9

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Baja Rosado)

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

10

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Alta/Alavesa Rosado)

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

11

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Baja Tinto)

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

12

Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa
(Alta/Alavesa Tinto)

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

13

ALL Min alcohol of

Rioja DOCa

Blanco
(without Sub-Zone)
​{same for Rosado}
​~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Blanco Alta/Alavesa
~11% min ABV~

Blanco Baja
~11.5% min ABV~

==========

Rosado
(without Sub-Zone)
{same for Blanco}
~10.5% min ABV~
11% min ABV for Reserva+

Rosado Alta/Alavesa
~10.5% min ABV~

Rosado Baja
~11% min ABV~

==========

Tinto
(without Sub-Zone)
~11.5% min ABV~
12% min ABV for Reserva+

Tinto Alto/Alavesa
~11.5% min ABV~

Tinto Baja
~12% min ABV~

14

Soil composition of

Rioja Alta and Rioja Alavesa

High proportion of

Calcareous Clay

15

Soil composition of

Rioja Baja

Mainly

Alluvial soils & Ferrous Clay

16

Allowed vine training systems for Rioja

Cordon
(single or double)

"En Vaso"
(bush vines)

"Vara y Pulgar"
(stick & thumb)
{not represented in attached image}

Double Guyot
may be used for all white varieties except:
- Viura
- Malvasía
 - Garnacha Blanco

17

What are the planting density

requirements of Rioja?

minimum:
2,850 vines per hectare

 

maximum:
10,000 vines per hectare

18

What are the harvest yields of Rioja?

White Grapes:
9,000 kg/ha (vineyard)

Red Grapes:
6,500 kg/ha (vineyard)

==========

Press Yield:
70 liters/100 kg
(white or red)

19

May chaptilization be used in Rioja?

No!

It is illegal.

20

What is the ABRA?

Asociación de Bodegas de Rioja Alavesa

Since its inception in 1990, ABRA defends the interests of the wineries of the Rioja Alavesa.

Represents 125 producers in Rioja Alavesa.

21

What is the Maximum amount of

Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
and Verdejo

allowed in Rioja Blanco?

49% Max combined

of these three grapes

22

What is the minimum amount of red grapes required for Rioja Rosado?

25% minimum

of red grapes must be used
for Rosado wines here.

23

Name five (5) classic Rioja producers

Bonus Points:
Name the village each is located within

HARO

Lopez de Heredia
(Tondonia - Bosconia - Cubillo)

CVNE
(Imperial)
{although Contino is more modern...}

La Rioja Alta
(Viña Ardanza - Viña Alberdi - 904 - 890)

 

CENICERO
(between Haro & Logroño)

Bodegas Riojanas
(Monte Real - Gran Albina)

Marques de Riscal
(wines...)

 

LOGROÑO

Marques de Murrieta
(Castillo Ygay)

24

Name three (3) modern style Rioja producers

Artadi

Finca Allende

Luis Cañas

Contino
(made by classic producer CVNE)

Source: Tim Atkin

http://www.timatkin.com/articles?797

25

Name three (3) producer from 

Rioja Alavesa

Bodegas Ostatu
(modern styled producer)

Fernando Remírez de Ganuza
(modern styled producer)

Luis Cañas
(modern styled producer)

Remelluri
(terroir driven producer)

26

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Blanco Crianza?

Crianza BlancoCrianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

==========

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva BlancoGran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

27

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Rosado Crianza?

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

==========

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

28

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Tinto Crianza?

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

==========

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

29

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Blanco Reserva?

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

==========

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

30

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Rosado Reserva?

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

==========

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

31

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Tinto Reserva?

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

==========

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

----------

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

32

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Blanco Gran Reserva?

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

==========

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

----------

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

33

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Rosado Gran Reserva?

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

==========

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

----------

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

34

What are the aging requirements for

Rioja DOCa Tinto Gran Reserva?

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

==========

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

----------

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

35

What are the aging requirements of

all Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva in

Rioja DOCa?

Crianza Blanco - Crianza Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Reserva)

Crianza Tinto
*2 years min aging
**12 months min in Oak

----------

Reserva Blanco - Reserva Rosado
*2 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak
(these are the same as Crianza)

Reserva Tinto
*3 years min aging
*12 months min in Oak

----------

Gran Reserva Blanco - Gran Reserva Rosado
*4 years min aging
**6 months min in Oak

Gran Reserva Tinto
(*5 years min aging)
**24 months min in Oak
**36 months min in Bottle

36

Which sub-zone of Rioja 

is actually in Basque country?

Rioja Alavesa

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