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Flashcards in Italy - Tuscany DOCG Deck (57):
1

DOCG of

Tuscany

3C-2M-2V-SERB

Chianti DOCG
(70% Sangio, 12% abv)

Chianti Classico DOCG
(80% Sangio, 11.5% abv)

Carmignano DOCG
(aka: Barco Real)
(50-75% Sangio, strange aging 8mo, 12 mo)

Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG
(90% Sangio)

Morellino di Scansano DOCG
(85% Morellino)

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG
(70% Prug, 5% mx w)

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG
(85% Vernaccia)

Suvereto DOCG
(85% min Cab Sauv + Merlot)

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG
(100% Aleatico)

Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG
(40% Sangio)

Brunello di Montalcino DOCG
(100% Sangio; 4 yrs Norm; 5 yrs Rsva)
Sant Antimo DOC gives rooms for
Montalcino to make Super Tuscans

2

Clones of Sangiovese in Tuscany

Brunello/Grosso

Morellino

Prugnolo Gentile

Sangiovete

3

What DOC's of Tuscany cannot produce

Vin Santo?

Ansonica Costa dell'Argentario DOC

Bianco di Pitigliano DOC

Colli di Luni DOC

Grance Senesi DOC

Moscadello di Montalcino DOC

Rosso di Montalcino DOC

Rosso di Montepulciano DOC

Sovana DOC

Terratico di Bibbona DOC

Terre di Casole DOC

Terre di Pisa DOC

Val d'Arno di Sopra DOC

Val di Cornia DOC

4

Sangiovese Percentages in main Tuscany DOCGs

Minimum Percentage of Sangio

  • Carmignano 50% - overlaps Montalbano, low altitude - less sangio
  • Chianti 70% (Sangioveto clone)
  • Vino Nobile 70% (Prugnolo Gentile clone)
  • Chianti Classico 80%
  • Scansano 85% (Morellino clone)
  • Montalcino 100% (Brunello/Grosso clone)

Other Tuscan DOCG percentages

  • Rosso di Val di Cornia 40%
  • Chianti-Senesi 75%

* Sangiovese is also called Niellucio in Corsica

5

Brunello di Montalcino DOCG

(Rd!)

Overlaps Chianti Senesi in Siena

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

100% Sangiovese
(Grosso/Brunello clone)

~8 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Normale
*4 years min total aging
**2 years min in wood
**4 months min in bottle
**released 1/1 on the 5th year after harvest.

Riserva
*5 years min total aging
**2 years minimum in wood
**6 months minimum in bottle
**released 1/1 on 6th year after harvest.

6

Chianti DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva - Superiore - w/ sub-zone

70% min Sangiovese (can be 100%)
15% Max combined:
Cab Sauv + Cab Franc

10% Max white grapes

~9 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

Normale
*released 3/1 following harvest
 

Superiore
~7.5 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 9/1 year after harvest
 

Riserva
~12% min ABV~
~some sub-zones can be higher for Riserva~

*2 years aging from 1/1 after harvest
 

Sub-Zones
~8 tons/ha~
~min ABV varies 11.5-12%~

Chianti has 8 Sub-Zones:
(MR-4CMS)
Montespertoli
Rufina
Colli Fiorentini
Colli Aretini
Colli Pisani
Classico (DOCG)
Montalbano
Senisi

7

Sub Zones of

Chianti DOCG

MR-4CMS
(Mr. 4 Seams - fastball)

Montespertoli
(12% ABV - Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 6/1

Rufina
(12% ABV -  Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 9/1

Colli Aretini
(11.5% ABV -  Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 3/1

Colli Pisane
(11.5% ABV -  Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 3/1

Colli Fiorentini
(12% ABV -  Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 9/1

Classico (own DOCG)
(has own regulations%)

Montalbano
(11.5% ABV -  Rsv = 12.5%)
*released 3/1

Senisi
(12% ABV -  Rsv = 13%)
*released 3/1

8

Chianti-Colli Pisani DOCG

same for Montalbano & Colli Aretini

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1


Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1

9

Chianti-Colli Aretini DOCG

same for Montalbano & Colli Pisani

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1
 

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1

10

Chianti-Montalbano DOCG

same for Colli Aretini & Colli Pisani

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1


Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1

11

Chianti-Montespertoli DOCG

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 6/1
 

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1

12

Chianti-Colli Fiorentini DOCG

same for Rufina

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 9/1
 

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1.
**6 months min in wood.

13

Chianti-Rufina DOCG

same for Colli Fiorentini

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 9/1


Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1.
**6 months min in wood.

14

Chianti-Senisi DOCG

75% min Sangiovese
10% Max Cab Sauv + Cab Franc

* Unique because other Chiant is 70%,  Senesi is 5% more

Normale
~8 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 3/1
 

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1
**8 months in wood
**4 months in bottle.

15

What is

Governo all'usso Toscano?

Refermentation with the juice of dried grapes.

Allowable traditional practice in Tuscany. 

(Must be on the label if done in Chianto DOCG)

16

Chianti Classico DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva - Gran Selezione

80% min Sangiovese
(Chianti DOCG is a min of 70%)

7.5 tons/ha

Normale
~12% min ABV~

*release 10/1
 

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years from 1/1
**3 months min in bottle
 

Gran Selezione
Made from estate fruit only!

*30 months from 1/1.
**3 months min in bottle

Chianti Classico has 9 communes in 2 provinces
(Firenze & Siena):

Firenze (BG-ST)
Barberino
Greve
San Casciano
Tavernelle

Siena (PG-RCC)
Poggibansi
Gaiole
Radda
Castellina
Castelnuovo Berardenga

17

Communes of Chianti Classico DOCG

that are in Siena

Siena
(PG-RCC)

Poggibansi

Gaiole

Radda

Castellina

Castelnuovo Berardenga
 

----------

Firenze
(BG-ST)
BeeGee Street

Barberino

Greve

San Casciano

Tavernelle

18

Communes of Chianti Classico DOCG

that are in Firenze

Firenze
(BG-ST)
BeeGee Street

Barberino

Greve

San Casciano

Tavernelle
 

----------

Siena
(PG-RCC)

Poggibansi

Gaiole

Radda

Castellina

Castelnuovo Berardenga

19

All Communes of Chianti Classico

Firenze
(BG-ST.  Bee Gee Street.)

Barberino
Greve
San Casciano
Tavernelle

 

Siena
(PG-RCC)

Poggibansi
Gaiole
Radda
Castellina
Castelnuovo Berardenga

20

Carmignano DOCG

(Rd!)

 

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

50% min Sangiovese
10-20% combined:
Cab Sauv + Cab Franc

20% Max Canaiolo Nero
10% Max combined:
Trebbiano, Malvasia, Canaiolo Bianco
10% Max other

~8 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Normale
*8 months min in wood
(Oak or Chestnut)
**released 6/1 2nd year after harvest
 

Riserva
*12 months min in wood
(Oak or Chestnut)
**released 9/29 3rd year after harvest

21

Morellino di Scansano DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

85% min Sangiovese
(Morellino clone)

~9 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1 after harvest
 

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*2 years in wood from 1/1

22

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

70% min Sangiovese
(Prugnolo Gentile clone)

~8 tons/ha~

Normale
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years min aging from 1/1

Producers have 3 aging options:

(1)
*24 months in wood

(2)
*18 months in wood
**6 months 'other'

(3)
*12 months in wood
**6 months 'other'
**6 months bottle
 

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*3 years min aging from 1/1
**6 months in bottle

23

Soils of Chianti Classico

Galestro
soft marl (limestone/sandstone)

Albarese
sandstone (clay schist)

Macigno
hard grey/blue sandstone

Calcareous Tufa
(found throughout the south)

24

What is Albarese?

A sandstone (clay schist) soil found in Chianti Classico DOCG

----------

Other major soil is Galestro:
- soft marl
- Galestro is also found in the higher altitude vineyards of Brunello di Montalcino

25

What is Galestro?

A soft marl soil found in Chianti Classico DOCG.

It is also found in the higher altitude vineyards of Brunello di Montalcino DOCG.

----------

Other major soil type in Chianti Classico is Albarese:
- sandstone schist/clay

26

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG

(W!)

White Only!!
Normale - Riserva

85% min Vernaccia

Normale
~9 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~
 

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*11 months from 1/1.
**3 months in bottle

27

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG

(Rd Pst!)

Red Passito Only!!

100% Aleatico
(red mutation of Muscat a Petite Grains)

10 days minimum drying

~7.5 tons/ha~
~19% min ABV~
~{12% actual}~

*released 3/1 after harvest

Note:
Elba is the island that Napoleon was exiled to.

28

Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

People get KOOKY with
lots of Sangio & Alcohol!
(high Sangio percentage and high ABV)

90% min Sangiovese

~7 tons/ha~

Normale
~13% min ABV~

*1 year min in Oak
**4 months min in bottle
**released 4/1 2nd year after harvest
 

Riserva
~13.5% min ABV~

*24 months min in Oak
**6 months min in bottle.
**released 9/1 3rd year after harvest

29

Rosso della Val di Cornia DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Riserva

40% min Sangiovese

60% Max combined:
Cab Sauv + Merlot

20% Max other red grapes
(no Aleatico!)

~9 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Normale
*released 5/1 on 2nd year after harvest.
 

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*18 months min in Oak
**6 months min in bottle.
**released 1/1 on 3rd year after harvest

30

Suvereto DOCG

(Rd!)

Red Only!!
Normale - Varietal - Riserva

(formerly a sub-zone of Val di Cornia)

~9 tons/ha~
~12.5% min ABV~

Normale
85% min combined:
Cab Sauv + Merlot

*released 6/1 on 2nd year after harvest
 

Varietal
Cab Sauv - Merlot - Sangiovese

85% min of stated
 

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*2 years min aging
**18 months min in Oak
**6 months min in bottle.
**released 1/1 on 3rd year after harvest

31

Aging Requirements of

Brunello di Montalcino DOCG
(normale)

Normale
*4 years min total aging
**2 years in wood
**4 months in bottle

Cannot be released until 1/1 on 5th year after harvest.

-----------

Riserva
*5 years min total aging
**2 years in wood
**6 months in bottle

released until 1/1 on 6th year after harvest.

32

Aging Requirements of

Brunello di Montalcino DOCG
(riserva)

Riserva
*5 years min total aging
**2 years in wood
**6 months in bottle

released until 1/1 on 6th year after harvest.

----------

Normale
*4 years min total aging
**2 years in wood
**4 months in bottle

Cannot be released until 1/1 on 5th year after harvest.

33

Aging Requirements of

Chianti DOCG
(riserva)

DOCG
Colli Arenti - Colli Pisani

Montespertoli - Montalbano
*2 years min aging from 1/1

----------

Colli Fiorentini & Rufina
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**6 months in wood

Senisi
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**8 months in wood
**4 months in bottle

34

Aging Requirements of

Chianti Colli Fiorentini DOCG
(riserva)

Colli Fiorentini - Rufina
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**6 months in wood

----------

DOCG
Colli Arenti
- Colli Pisani
Montalbano
- Monterspoli
*2 years min aging from 1/1

Senisi
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**8 months in wood
**4 months in bottle

35

Aging Requirements of

Chianti Rufina DOCG
(riserva)

Colli Fiorentini - Rufina
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**6 months in wood

----------

DOCG
Colli Arenti
- Colli Pisani
Montalbano
- Monterspoli
*2 years min aging from 1/1

Senisi
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**8 months in wood
**4 months in bottle

36

Aging Requirements of

Chianti Senisi DOCG
(riserva)

Senisi
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**8 months in wood
**4 months in bottle

----------

DOCG
Colli Arenti - Colli Pisani
Montalbano - Monterspoli
*2 years min aging from 1/1

Colli Fiorentini - Rufina
*2 years min aging from 1/1
**6 months in wood

37

Which Chianti sub-zones are 11.5% min ABV?

Montalbano

Colli Arentini

Colli Pisani

Note:
- All are 12.5% min ABV for their Riserva wines, as with all other sub-zones (except Senisi: 13%)
- All are 2 years min aging for their Riserva wines

38

Which Chianti sub-zones are 13% min ABV
for their Riserva wines?

Senisi only!

Note:
- This is the only sub-zone with 75% min Sangiovese required
- Only 10% Max Cab Sauv + Cab Franc is allowed here. 15% is allowed in Chianti DOCG, and all other sub-zones

39

Which sub-zones of Chianti require

6 months min aging in wood for Riserva?

Colli Fiorentini Riserva

Rufina Riserva

Note:
- All other stipulate only 2 years min aging except Senisi (8 months w/ 4 months in bottle)

40

Requirements of

Chianti DOCG Superiore

Superiore
~7.5 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 9/1

----------

Normale
~9 tons/ha~
~11.5% min ABV~

*released 3/1

41

Requirements of

Chianti Classico DOCG
(riserva)

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years min aging from 1/1
**3 months min in bottle

----------

Normale
~7.5 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 10/1

Gran Selezione
*30 months min aging from 1/1
**3 months in bottle

Must be made from estate fruit

42

Requirements of

Chianti Classico DOCG
(gran selezione)

Gran Selezione
*30 months min aging from 1/1
**3 months in bottle

Must be made from estate fruit

----------

Normale
~7.5 tons/ha~
~12% min ABV~

*released 10/1

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*2 years min aging from 1/1
**3 months min in bottle

43

Aging requirements of

Carmignano DOCG
(riserva)

Riserva
*12 months min in wood
(Oak or Chestnut)

*released 9/29 on 3rd year after harvest

----------

Normale
*8 months min in wood
(Oak or Chestnut)

44

Requirements of

Morellino di Scansano DOCG Riserva

Riserva
~13% min ABV~

*2 years in wood from 1/1

----------

Normale
~12.5%~
* released 3/1

45

What are the 3 aging options of

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG?
(normale)

*2 years min aging from 1/1

(1)
*24 months in wood

(2)
*18 months in wood
*6 months 'other'

(3)
*12 months wood
*6 months 'other'
*6 months bottle

46

Requirements of

Vino Nobile
di Montepulciano DOCG Riserva?

~13% min ABV~

*3 years aging from 1/1
**6 months in bottle

47

Requirements of

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG Riserva

Riserva
~12.5% min ABV~

*11 months from 1/1
**3 months in bottle

----------

Normale
~11.5% min ABV~

48

Requirements of

Montecucco Sangiovese DOCG Riserva?

Riserva
~13.5% min ABV~

*24 months in oak
*6 months in bottle

*released 9/1 3rd year after harvest

----------

Normale
~13% min ABV~

*12 months in oak
*4 months in bottle

49

Aging requirements of

Suvereto DOCG Riserva?

*2 years min aging

**18 months min in Oak

**6 months min in bottle

**released 1/1 on 3rd year after harvest

----------

~13% min ABV~

50

Barberino
(Chianti Classico village)

Firenze provincia

Albarese rock soils

Gooseberries, currant

Producers:
Monsanto
Isole e Olena

51

Greve
(Chianti Classico village)

Firenze provincia

Sandy soils

Bright, red cherry fruit

Producers:
Querciabella
Carpineto
Castello di Verrazzano

52

San Casciano
(Chianti Classico village)

Firenze provincia

soft "cage fruit"
(whatever the hell that is!)

Producers:
Castelli del Grevepesa

53

Poggibonsi
(Chianti Classico village)

Siena provincia

Classic, tannic, bold

Producers:
Ormanni
Cinciano

54

Gaiole
(Chianti Classico village)

Siena provincia

Rich, tannic, minerally

Producers:
Riecine
Castello di Ama

55

Radda
(Chianti Classico village)

Siena provincia

Albarese rock soils

Graceful, elegant

Producers:
Montevertini
Volpaia
Poggerino

56

Castellina
(Chianti Classico village)

Siena provincia

Full bodied but fleshy
Strawberry fruit, and mineral

Producers:
Villa Pomona
Bibbiano
Lilliano

57

Castelnouve Berardegna
(Chianti Classico village)

Siena provincia

Heavy clay soils

Full bodied, plum-like richness

Producers:
Felsina Berardenga
Borgo Scopeto

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