Fundamental Movements Flashcards Preview

Ace Ess: Anatomy > Fundamental Movements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fundamental Movements Deck (24):
0

Sagittal plane fundamental movements •4

Flexion, extension, dorsiflextion, and plantarflexion • all occur on the mediolateral axis of rotation)

1

Frontal plane fundamental movements
•6

Abduction, adduction, elevation, depression, inversion, and eversion • all occur on the anteroposterior axis of rotation

2

Transverse plane fundamental movements •5

Rotation, pronation, supination, horizontal flexion (adduction), and horizontal extension (abduction) • all occur on the longitudinal axis of rotation

3

Multiplanar fundamental movements

Circumduction and opposition

4

Flexion

Decreasing the angle between two joints

5

Extension

Increasing the angle between two joints

6

Dorsiflexion

Moving the top of the foot toward the shin (only at the ankle joint)

7

Plantarflexion

Moving the sole of the foot downward (only at the ankle joint)

8

Abduction

Moving away from the midline of the body or part

9

Adduction

Moving toward the midline of the body or part

10

Elevation

Moving to a superior position (only at the scapula)

11

Depression

Moving to an inferior position (only at the scapula)

12

Inversion

Lifting the medial border of the foot (only at the subtalar joint)

13

Eversion

Lifting the lateral border of the foot (only at the subtalar joint)

14

Rotation

Internal or external turning about the vertical axis of bone

15

Pronation

Rotating the hand and wrist medially from the elbow

16

Supination

Rotating the hand and wrist laterally from the elbow

17

Horizontal flexion (adduction)

From a 90° abducted arm position, the humerus is flexed in toward the midline of the body

18

Horizontal extension (abduction)

The return of the humerus from horizontal flexion

19

Circumduction

Motion that describes a cone; combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction in sequence

20

Opposition

Thumb movement unique to humans and primates

21

Mediolateral axis

The axis of rotation for movements in the sagittal plane

22

Anteroposterior axis

The axis of rotation for movements in the frontal plane

23

Longitudinal axis

The axis of rotation for movements in the transverse plane plane