Respiratory System Flashcards Preview

Ace Ess: Anatomy > Respiratory System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory System Deck (11):
0

Respiratory systems functions

Replace oxygen and remove carbon dioxide from the blood, important in the regulation of the acid-base balance during exercise, makes vocalization possible

1

Components of the respiratory system •7

The nose, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs

2

Pharynx

Muscular membranous tube extending from the base of the skull to the esophagus

3

Larynx

Organ of the voice, located between the trachea and the base of the tongue

4

Trachea (wind pipe)

Cartilage and membranous tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi

5

Lungs

Encased by the rib cage, houses the primary, secondary, and tertiary bronchi, as well as various bronchioles and alveoli

6

Mediastinum

The space separating the lungs, home to several organs including the heart, aorta, esophagus, and part of the trachea

7

Bronchi

Two large branches of the trachea leading into the lungs

8

Bronchioles

The smallest tubes that supply air to the alveoli on the lungs

9

Alveoli

Microscopic air sacs where gas exchange occurs within the lungs

10

Diaphragm

The most important muscle of inspiration and the only skeletal muscle considered essential for life