Flashcards in Gastroenteritis Deck (21)
What are the incubation periods of different causes of gastorenteritis?
1-6 hours - staph aureus and bacillus cerus
12-48 hours - salmonella and E.coli
48-72 hours- shigella and campylobacter
>7 days - giardiasis and amoebiasis
What are the toxin-producing causes of gastroenteritis?
What is the most common cause of gastroenteritis?
Which 2 causes of gastroenteritis can cause large outbreaks?
E.coli and salmonella
Which cause of gastroenteritis is the most common in children under 3 years of age?
Which cause of gastroenteritis can cause explosive vomiting?
Which cause of gastroenteritis should be suspected in patients who have been travelling?
Which causes of gastroenteritis can cause bloody diarrhoea?
How can campylobacter be picked up?
Poor food prep
How can salmonella be picked up?
How can E.coli be picked up?
How can bacillus cerus be picked up?
Starchy foods e.g rice
How is infection with C.Diff managed in terms of non-severe, severe and life threatening stages?
Non severe - oral metronidazole
Severe - oral vancomycin
Life threatening - Oral vancomycin and IV metronidazole
Which causes of gastroenteritis can cause the complication of haemorrhage colitis?
C.diff and E.coli
Which cause of gastroenteritis can involve HUS as a complication?
Which cause of gastroenteritis can cause bacteraemia in the immunosuppressed?
Which causative organisms of gastroenteritis do routine lab tests on faeces look for?
Which cause of gastroenteritis would need a blood culture for diagnosis?
Which cause of gastroenteritis could stool PCR diagnose?
Which causes of gastroenteritis could stool microscopy diagnose?
Giardia, amoeba, parasites