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Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (131)
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1

What diseases can present with oral manifestations?

Anaemia
Diabetes
Haematinic deficiencies
Adverse reactions to drugs

2

What is the 'Torsus Madibularis' ?

A bony growth in the mandible which is just a developmental feature - it can develop in normal individuals but is often *mistaken for something more serious!

3

What is 'Angular Cheilitis' ?

Cracking at the skin at the corner of the lips
- Causes include;
Anaemia, Candidiasis, Haematinic deficiencies

4

What is meant by recurrent 'Aptithous Stomatitis' ?

Mouth ulcers

5

What does herpetiform involve?

Multiple ulcers all over the mouth

6

What are the possible oral manifestations of Crohn's Disease?

Swollen lips
Oral ulceration
Angular Cheilitis
Cobblestone mucosa
Mucosal Tags

7

What is a possible oral manifestation of type 2 diabetes?

Thrush (acute pseudomembranous candidiasis)

8

What drug used to treat angina can cause mouth ulcers?

Nicorandil - a potassium channel activator

9

Lichen Planes is an idiopathic inflammatory disease. What parts of the body can it affect?

Skin
Nails
Scalp
Genitals
Oesophagus

10

How does Lichen Planus appear in the mouth?

Small white lumps or striations which can't be removed by scraping like thrush can be

11

How does Lichen Planus appear on the skin?

Raised purple lesions

12

If lichen planus is symptomatic, what class of drugs are used to treat it?

Topical corticosteroids

13

What is mucous membrane pemphigoid?

- Autoimmune disorders
- Involve blistering lesions on mucous membranes
- Blisters in the mouth can form ulcers
- Blisters in the eyes can heal with scarring and causeless of sight

14

What is Sjogren's Syndrome? List some signs/symptoms?

A chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder
- Dry cough
- Dry eyes
- Dry mouth
- Dysphagia
- Fatigue
- Joint paint

15

How does 'hairy leukoplakia' present and what disease is it associated with?

Shaggy white patches on the side of the tongue
- HIV

16

How does Kaposi's Sarcoma present in the mouth?

Dark red lesions

17

List some risk factors for oral cancers

Smoking
Alcohol
Poor diet
Candida
Syphilis

18

Which areas in the mouth are the high risk sites for oral cancers to present?

Floor of the mouth
Lateral borders of the tongue
Ventral tongue

19

List some of the warning signs/ symptoms for oral cancer

Red/white lesions
Ulcers (persistent without known cause)
Lip/ face numbness
Dysphagia
Voice changes

20

What scoring system is used for measuring dental caries?

DMF index

21

What does BPE stand for?

Basic Periodontal Examination

22

What diseases can endoscopy look for?

Coeliac disease
Crohn's disease
Ulcerative Colitis
Tumours
Ulcers
Oesophagitis/ Gastritis

23

What vascular abnormalities can be detected by an endoscopy?

Varices
Angiodysplasia
Ectatic blood vessels

24

List three types of bleeding and how they can be managed

VARICEAL
- Sclerotherapy
- Banding
- Histocryl glue
ARTERIAL BLEEDING
- Adrenaline
- Heater probe coagulaiton
- Clips
ANGIODYSPLASIA
- Argon plasma coagulation
- Radio-frequency ablation

25

How are strictures treated?

Dilatation/ Stenting

26

What is polypectomy?

Removal of a polyp (type of tumour removal)

27

What is endoscopic mucosal resection?

A type of tumour removal

28

Where is a PEG tube for nutrition inserted and withdrawn from?

Inserted in to the abdomen and pulled out of the mouth

29

What parts of the GI tract wall arise from the endoderm layer?

Epithelium (mucosa)
Ducts and glands

30

What parts of the GI tract arise from the visceral mesoderm?

Lamina Propria
Muscuaris mucosa
Musculares externa
Submucosa