Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (131)
What diseases can present with oral manifestations?
Adverse reactions to drugs
What is the 'Torsus Madibularis' ?
A bony growth in the mandible which is just a developmental feature - it can develop in normal individuals but is often *mistaken for something more serious!
What is 'Angular Cheilitis' ?
Cracking at the skin at the corner of the lips
- Causes include;
Anaemia, Candidiasis, Haematinic deficiencies
What is meant by recurrent 'Aptithous Stomatitis' ?
What does herpetiform involve?
Multiple ulcers all over the mouth
What are the possible oral manifestations of Crohn's Disease?
What is a possible oral manifestation of type 2 diabetes?
Thrush (acute pseudomembranous candidiasis)
What drug used to treat angina can cause mouth ulcers?
Nicorandil - a potassium channel activator
Lichen Planes is an idiopathic inflammatory disease. What parts of the body can it affect?
How does Lichen Planus appear in the mouth?
Small white lumps or striations which can't be removed by scraping like thrush can be
How does Lichen Planus appear on the skin?
Raised purple lesions
If lichen planus is symptomatic, what class of drugs are used to treat it?
What is mucous membrane pemphigoid?
- Autoimmune disorders
- Involve blistering lesions on mucous membranes
- Blisters in the mouth can form ulcers
- Blisters in the eyes can heal with scarring and causeless of sight
What is Sjogren's Syndrome? List some signs/symptoms?
A chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder
- Dry cough
- Dry eyes
- Dry mouth
- Joint paint
How does 'hairy leukoplakia' present and what disease is it associated with?
Shaggy white patches on the side of the tongue
How does Kaposi's Sarcoma present in the mouth?
Dark red lesions
List some risk factors for oral cancers
Which areas in the mouth are the high risk sites for oral cancers to present?
Floor of the mouth
Lateral borders of the tongue
List some of the warning signs/ symptoms for oral cancer
Ulcers (persistent without known cause)
Lip/ face numbness
What scoring system is used for measuring dental caries?
What does BPE stand for?
Basic Periodontal Examination
What diseases can endoscopy look for?
What vascular abnormalities can be detected by an endoscopy?
Ectatic blood vessels
List three types of bleeding and how they can be managed
- Histocryl glue
- Heater probe coagulaiton
- Argon plasma coagulation
- Radio-frequency ablation
How are strictures treated?
What is polypectomy?
Removal of a polyp (type of tumour removal)
What is endoscopic mucosal resection?
A type of tumour removal
Where is a PEG tube for nutrition inserted and withdrawn from?
Inserted in to the abdomen and pulled out of the mouth
What parts of the GI tract wall arise from the endoderm layer?
Ducts and glands