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Flashcards in GI pathology Deck (44)
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1

Lymphomas of the small bowel are all non-hodgkins. T/F?

TRUE

2

What is the normal life span of an enterocyte?

72 hours

3

Describe the layers of a peptic ulcer

Floor of necrosis, base of granulation tissue and a deep layer of fibrosis

4

In coeliac disease, are lesions worse in the proximal or distal bowel?

Proximal bowel

5

Is H.pylori gram +ve or gram -ve?

Gram -ve

6

UC can cause hypokalaemia

TRUE

7

What are the two most useful tests for Crohn's disease?

Endoscopy and mucosal biopsy

8

Where is Meckel's diverticulum usually located and how long is it?

2cm long, found 2ft/ 60cm from the ileocaecal valve

9

Steatorrhoea is common in coeliac disease. T/F?

TRUE

10

Why does coeliac disease cause gallstones?

Coeliac disease can reduce secretion of pancreatic enzymes and bile flow, causing gallstones.

11

What is the best treatment for oral cancer?

Surgery

12

How is allergic oesophagitis managed?

Montelukast + steroids

13

Are the granulomas in crohn's disease caseating or non-caseating?

Non-caseating granulomas

14

Is Crohn's disease more common in males or females?

Males

15

Where is secondary metastases to the small bowel most common from?

Colon, ovary and stomach

16

Where is the most common site of carcinoid tumours?

Appendix

17

Where are the high risk sites for oral cancer?

Floor of the mouth
Lateral border and ventral tongue
Soft palate

18

What is 'red velvety mucosa' suggestive of?

Barrett's Oesophagus

19

Reflux oesophagitis involves basal zone epithelial expansion. T/F?

TRUE

20

Which has better prognosis: intestinal or diffuse type of gastric adenocarcinoma?

Intestinal

21

Squamous papilloma can be caused by HPV?

TRUE

22

Coeliac disease has an association with childhood diabetes..

TRUE

23

Are gastrointestinal stromal tumours malignant or benign?

Malignant

24

What skin condition is coeliac disease associated with?

Dermatitis herpetiforms

25

What is the main type of benign oesophageal tumour?

Squamous papilloma

26

What kind of jaundice can pregnancy cause?

Hepatic jaundice

27

Which forms of hepatitis are spread by bodily fluids?

Hep B, Hep C, Hep D

28

Where does copper accumulate in patients who have Wilson's disease?

The liver and the brain

29

Does PSC affect intra, or extra hepatic ducts, or both?

Both

30

What test is used to identify the presence of iron?

Perl's stain