Gastroparesis Flashcards Preview

ADT Module 5-8 > Gastroparesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Gastroparesis Deck (17)
1

___ is contraindicated in pt's w/Parkinson's d/t its dopaminergic antagonistic effects.

metoclopramide (Reglan)

2

A ___-___ tear can occur d/t progressive and severe vomiting.

Mallory-Weiss

3

Antiemetics that are antihistamines and anticholinergics include:

dimenhydrinate (Dramamine), meclizine (Antivert), scopolamine (Transderm-scop)

4

S/E's of anticholinergics include: ___, ___ mouth, urinary ___, and ___.

drowziness, dry, retention, constipation

5

Phenothiazine antiemetics include:

prochlorperazine (Compazine), promethazine (Phenergan)

6

Important to educate parents of peds pt's w/gastroenteritis to ___. Peds are at the ___ risk of contracting.

hydrate, highest

7

Rehydrating for gastroparesis includes: oral ___ solution over 4-6hrs, restoration of ___ and ___, ___ should be maintained at all times, ___ can be reintroduced after successful rehydration.

glucose, calories, fluid, breastfeeding, solids

8

___ is the first-line tx for diabetic gastroparesis.

metoclopramide (Reglan)

9

___ is a common complication of diabetic gastroparesis. It is progressive, but will have symptomatic improvement w/ ___ or ___.

vomiting, bethanecol, metoclopramide

10

For mild-moderate dehydration, tx w/ 50-100ml of ___ rehydrating solution.

oral

11

For severe dehydration, tx w/ immediate ___ solution, either ___ or ___ at 20ml/kg until signs of recovery, then switch to ___ hydrating solution.

IV, LR, NS, oral

12

Best tx's for motion sickness are the medication classes of ___/___ that include scopolamine patch or dramamine.

antihistamine/anticholinergic

13

DOC for hyperemesis gravidarum include: ___ and ___. ___ may also be useful as well.

cyclizine (Marezine), meclizine (Antivert), ondansetron (Zofran)

14

Metoclopramide's extrapyramidal effects are much more likely to occur in ___ pts. Phenothiazines can cause ___ in peds as well.

pediatric, dystonia

15

cyclizine and scopoloamine not used for children < __ years of age.

12

16

___ are ineffective for motion sickness.

phenothiazines

17

If one anti-emetic is ineffective, try ___.

another