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Flashcards in General Deck (167)
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1

simplist abdominal incision offering good exposure

vertical midline

2

how is a vertical midline reinforced

single layer continuous absorbable suture

3

incision for appendectomy

McBurnery

4

describe McBurney

8cm oblique in RLQ

5

incision right or left under ribs

subcostal

6

subcostal incision structures

right: gallbladder, pancreas, biliary tree

left: spleen

7

incision for pelvic surgery .5 in. above symphysis pubis

pfannensteil

8

incision for operations on proximal stomach and distal esophagus

thoracoabdominal

9

2 functions of organs in alimentary canal

mechanical/chemical breakdown of food

Peristalsis

10

what structures does esophagus lie between in neck

trachea

cervical spine

11

3 parts of stomach

fundus

body

pylorus

12

upper margin of stomach

cardia

13

lower margin of stomach

pyloris

14

what is attached to greater curvature of stomach

greater omentum

15

what is attached to lesser curvature of stomach

lesser omentum

16

what is omentum

double fold of peritoneum attached to stomach and viscera

fatty, prevent friction, wall off infection

17

what attaches intestines to posterior abdominal wall?

mesentery

18

start and end of small intestine

pyloric sphincter to large intestine

19

3 sections of small intestine

duodenum

jejunum

ileum

20

what portion of small intestine do CBD and pancreatic duct enter

duodenum at ampulla of vater

21

ligament stabilizing the duodenojejunal flexure and landmark for abdominal orientation

Treitz

22

the ileum empties into large intestine via what valve

ileocecal

23

start and end of large intestine

cecum to anus

24

3 portions of large intestine

cecum

colon

rectum

25

what structure projects from the blind pouch of the cecum

appendix

26

4 parts the colon is divided into

ascending

transverse

descending

sigmoid

27

the rectum begins and ends where

sacrum to coccyx

28

rectum lies behind what

bladder

29

sphincters of anus

internal

external

30

what is bowel technique

isolation to prevent cross-contamination of wound/abdomen w/ bowel bacteria