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Flashcards in Plastics Deck (173)
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1

stop aspirin 2 weeks prior to

anticoagulant causes hematoma

2

stop smoking 2 weeks prior to

vasoconstrictor

ischemia

necrosis

stops wound healing

3

chlorhexidine gluconate

not for eyes or ears toxic

4

4 dyes for skin marking

methylene blue

indigo carmine

gentian violet

Bonny's blue

5

epi to local

prolong effect

hemostasis/vasoconstrictor

6

goals of postop dressing

immobilize

even pressure

drainage

comfort

protect

7

pressure dressing

eliminate dead space

prevent seroma/hematoma

prevent 3rd spacing

8

stent/tie-over dressing

pressure dressing when bandage doesn't fit

9

2 closed-wound suction devices

hemovac

jackson pratt

10

why use closed-wound suction drains

prevent seroma/hematoma

11

2 local anesthetics

xylocaine/lidocaine/marcaine/bupivicaine

12

2 topical anesthetics

tetracaine eyes

cocaine nose

13

4 drugs for sedation with local

diazepam

fentanyl

meperidine (demerol)

midazolam

14

allograft

tissue from same species

15

autograft

tissue from self

16

xenograft

tissue from different species

17

isograft

tissue from genetically identical person

18

homograft

tissue from same species

19

heterograft

tissue from different species

20

dermatome

STSG graft procurement

21

4 knife dermatomes

ferris smith

watson

weck

Desilva

22

drum dermatome

Reese

Padgett

23

why use dermatape/dermacement

reese

adhere drum to skin

24

motor driven dermatome

brown

25

what is a skin mesher

uniform slits in graft to make it larger

26

loupes

magnifying lenses to improve cosmetics

27

wood's lamp

UV to determine vascularity of skin graft

28

sodium florescin with woods lamp

makes blood vessels purple

IV

29

why use a colorless prepping agent for grafting procedures?

see true skin color

access vascularity of donor graft

30

why are donor sites prepped separately but concurrently for grafting?

CHECK

prevent cross contamination