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Flashcards in Genitourinary Deck (177)
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1

function of urinary system

filter blood

create and excrete urine

2

organs of male GU system

testes

vas/ductus deferens

seminal vesicles

ejaculatory ducts

penis

3

6 paired male reproductive organs

testes

epididymides

seminal vesicles

ejaculatory ducts

bulbourethral glands

vas deferens (seminal ducts)

4

describe the kidneys

remove waste/filter blood

BP

hematopoiesis

vitamin D

regulate fluid balance

pH

5

location of kidneys

retroperitoneal space

either side of T12-L3

right lower than left

6

blood supply to kidneys

renal artery

7

renal parenchyma

nephron-Gerota's capsule

external cortex, inner medulla

8

perirenal fat pad and fascia renalis

fatty areolar tissue

position and protect kidneys

9

hilum of kidney

medial side

concave where renal artery and vein enter, ureter, and lymphatics

10

renal pedicle

lymphatics of the kidney

11

renal pelvis

funnel structure posterior to vascular pedicle

divides into calyces

12

adrenal gland

retroperitoneal on top of the kidneys

hormones

13

adrenal regions

medulla: epinephrine, norepinephrine

cortex: steroids, hormones, cortisol, aldosterone, androgens

14

ureters

penal pelvis to bladder

25-30cm 4-5mm diameter

retroperitoneal

15

ureteral action to propel urine

peristalsis

16

3 areas of calculi in ureters

UPJ: ureteropelvic junction

UVJ: ureterovesical junction

ureteral point crossing over external iliac vessels

17

urinary bladder

hollow muscular

anterior pelvic cavity

18

capacity of bladder

600-800mL

19

trigone of bladder

triangle forms base

orifices of ureters in the neck

20

blood supply of bladder

superior, middle, inferior vesical arteries

21

urethra

internal urethral orifice to outside

22

male urethra

20-25cm

23

female urethra

3-5cm

6-8mm in diameter

24

why are females prone to UTI

less distance to travel

25

verumontanum

elevation in prostatic urethra where seminal ducts enter

26

prostate gland

donut shaped at base of bladder neck

27

prostate and urethra

surrounds urethra

28

lobes in prostate

4-5

29

weight of healthy prostate

20-30g

30

true prostatic capsule

separates prostate and seminal vesicles from rectum