Genitourinary System: General Overview Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Genitourinary System: General Overview Deck (29):
1

Muscles of the Pelvic diaphragm

Levator ani:
pubococcygeus
puborectalis
iliococcygeus
and coccygeus (ischicoccygeus)

2

Muscles of the Urogenital diaphragm

Deep transverse perineal
Urethrae sphincter

3

Muscles of the Urogenital triangle

Female (bulbocavernosus) or Male (bulbospongiosus)
Ischiocavernosus
Superficial transverse perineal

4

Muscles of the Anal triangle

Internal anal sphincter
External anal sphincter

5

Development of endometrial tissue in extrauterine locations.
S&Sx: moderate to severe lower abdominal, pelvic or low back pain before/during menstruation, irregular menstrual cycles, premenstrual spotting, dyspareunia, pain during defecation, and infertility

Endometriosis

6

Descent of the uterus and cervix into the vagina.
S&Sx: pelvic pressure that increases with exertion, urgency, frequency, urinary incontinence, incomplete bladder emptying, discomfort, vaginal dryness or irritation, dyspareunia, and low back pain that is relieved by lying down

Uterine Prolapse

7

Inflammation of the prostate gland. Four types: acute bacterial (I), chronic bacterial (II), chronic pelvic pain syndrome (III), and asymptomatic inflammatory (IV)
S&Sx: watery urethral discharge, urgency, frequency, discomfort with urination, and pain with ejaculation.
Chronic pelvic pain syndrome: pain in perineum, rectum, prostate, penis, testicles, and abdomen
Asymptomatic inflammatory: prostate inflammation in absence of genitourinary tract symptoms

Prostatitis

8

Kidney damage with normal GFR (90 or greater) Stage

Stage 1

9

Decrease in GFR (60-89) Stage

Stage 2

10

Decrease in GFR (30-59) Stage

Stage 3

11

Decrease in GFR (15-29) Stage

Stage 4

12

GFR

Kidney failure

13

Damage to cerebral control that allows for urinary dysfunction
S&Sx: frequent urinary tract infections, leakage of urine, inability to empty the bladder or loss of the urge to urinate when the bladder is full.

Neurogenic Bladder

14

Loss of urine due to activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure

Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)

15

Loss of urine after a sudden, intense urge to void due to the detrusor muscle of the bladder involuntarily contracting during bladder filling. (most common in geriatrics)

Urge Urinary Incontinence (UUI)

16

Loss of urine when the intra-bladder pressure exceeds the urethra's capacity to remain closed due to urinary retention

Overflow Urinary Incontinence (OUI)

17

Loss of urine due to inability or unwillingness of a person to use the bathroom facilities prior to involuntary bladder release

Functional Urinary Incontinence (FUI)

18

Inadequate urine output in a 24-hour period; less than ml

Anuria

19

A non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland that is progressive. Common in males over 60 and can interfere with normal voiding

Benign prostatic hypertrophy

20

Bulging of the bladder into the vagina

Cystocele

21

Specialized tuft of capillaries that are needed for the filtration of fluid as blood passes through the arterioles of the kidneys

Glomerulus

22

Blood in the urine

Hematuria

23

Muscular outer layer of the uterus

Myometrium

24

Condition of developing kidney stones

Nephrolithiasis

25

Inadequate urine output in a 24-hour period; less than 400 ml

Oliguria

26

Bulging of the anterior wall of the rectum into the vagina secondary to weakening of the pelvic supporting structures

Rectocele

27

Coiled tubes found within each lobe of the testes where spermatogenesis takes place

Seminiferous tubules

28

Urinary Frequency

Voiding more than eight times in a 24-hour period

29

Urinary Urgency

Sudden desire to urinate that is stronger than usual and difficult to defer