Flashcards in Geography, History, Archaeology Deck (35)
What is the Sea of Galilee?
It is a freshwater lake in the northern part of Palestine.
What direction does the Nile River flow?
From south to north.
Galilee is a rocky area to the west of the Sea of Galilee.
Give the importance of the Iron Age.
With the fall of the Hittitte Empire, a power vacuum existed and a time of relative peace allowed Israel to have a united kingdom.
What borders Palestine to the east and west?
The Mediterranean Sea to the west and the Trans-Jordanian mountains to the east.
About how wide and long is Palestine?
About 120 miles north to south and about 30 miles east to west.
What is another name for Canaan?
Which empire conquered Judah after the kingdom divided?
Name the three presuppositions of historical-critical method?
Define the coastal plain of Palestine.
The coastal plain is the furthest west part of Palestine, bordering the Mediterranean sea, an area only 10-12 miles wide with heavy rainfall.
What is the Mediterranean Sea?
The Mediterranean Sea is part of the Atlantic Ocean, on the west side of Palestine and northern side of Egypt.
Which two rivers is Mesopotamia between?
The Tigris and the Euphrates
Which geographical zone had the most Israelite cities?
The Hill Country.
What is a balk?
In archaelogy, a balk is a strip of land left untouched between excavated trenches. It provides a reference point for the different strata that are being excavated, helping with dating.
Define the Shephelah.
The Shephelah are an area of green rolling hills of the central hill country in Palestine, situated between the coastal plain and the central mountain ridge.
Which empire conquered Israel after the kingdom divided?
What is archaeology able to do?
- Shed light on what life and society were like
- Give confirmation of Bible's historical accuracy
- Create problems and raise questions with new findings or lack of finding
Which empire was dominant during the time of the Patriarchs and the Exodus?
What is the Red Sea?
It is part of the Indian Ocean, separating the Sinai peninsula from Egypt and also from Arabia with its two forks.
What is the Persian Gulf?
It is located at the southeast area of the Fertile Crescent in Mesopotamia, where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers join and flow into the Arabian Sea.
Describe the first historical-critical presupposition.
Methodological doubt says that we can only know something about the past with a degree of certainty.
What are the limits of archaeology?
Only a small fraction of historical remains have been discovered, uncovered, and published on. Further, it cannot prove or disprove anything.
What is another name for Palestine?
Describe the second historical-critical presupposition.
Analogy says that we explain the past based on our current experience, using the present for criteria of what is or is not possible.
Give the sequences of empires in the Ancient Near East during the time of the Bible.
Egypt, then a vacuum, followed by Assyria, Babylon, and finally Persia
Working west to east, name the four regions of Palestine.
- Coastal plain
- Hill country
- Jordan rift valley
- Transjordanian mountains
Which empire allowed the exiled Israelites to return?
Describe the third historical-critical presupposition.
Correlation says that all events are interrelated with each other in a chain of cause and effect, excluding the possibility of God's direct intervention.
What does Mesopotamia refer to?
The area of the Fertile Crescent between and around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.