Flashcards in Methods of Study Deck (15)
What does Historical-Critical study seek to do?
- Uses critical thought
- Try to understand how the text came to be
- Try to find text's original meaning in historical context
- Secondarily, reconstruct history behind the text
What are diachronic methodologies of study?
- Study the text "through time"
- Focus on history of the text, how it got to its present form
- Look for meaning in previous forms and settings of the text
What are synchronic methodologies of study?
- Study the text "with time"
- Focus on meaning within the text itself
- Look only at the final form of the text
Give another name for synchronic methods of study.
What does textual criticism attempt to do?
- Identify transmission errors/changes in process of copying the text
- Get back to the original form of the text
What does source criticism attempt to do?
- Identify sources for each section
- Looks for seams - contradictions, repetitions, different vocabulary and believes these are clues to different underlying documents pieced together
What does form criticism attempt to do?
- Examine similar literary forms of expression, try to get back to original
- Find original meaning by looking for things in common and postulating original oral form
- Study original life settings when in oral form
What does traditional history do?
- Looks at process of development
- Tries to understand how developed from oral -> written -> final document
What does redaction criticism do?
- Show the motives of author/editors of text
- Tries to understand the beliefs of those who edited the text into its final form
What does literary criticism do?
- Examine scripture as a work of literature
- Looks at literary form and characteristics
- e.g. find structures that give meaning, interaction between reader and text, see how it communicates a message
What does rhetorical criticism do?
- Looks at how form of literature helps communicate its message
- Type of literary criticism
What is canon criticism?
Canon criticism examines the final form of the Bible as used by a community of faith and studies what it means to people who believe it is the Word of God.
Name the four diachronic criticisms.
Name the three synchronic criticisms.