GI - 6 Diarrhea pt 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GI - 6 Diarrhea pt 1 Deck (21)
1

___ is a diagnosis made after everything else is ruled out

Irritable Bowel Disease

2

Acute diarrhea is:
It is usually __

Diarrhea persisting < 2 weeks
Usually viral

3

If you go camping, drink water, go home and have diarrhea….___

Giardia

4

If antibiotics give you diarrhea do what?

Stop antibiotics and it goes away

5

What organism?
the food is sitting out in the Sun all day. You vomit as well as have diarrhea.

Staph aureus

6

Stool workup: Someone comes in with acute diarrhea, do: (3)

Culture & Sensitivity: learn the bacteria
Ova & Parasite: learn the protozoa X 3
C. Diff

7

We are secreting fluid into the small bowel, creating more fluid that results in diarrhea.

Noninflammatory Diarrhea

8

Diarrhea that is nonbloody, no fecal leukocytes

Noninflammatory Diarrhea

9

What organism?
traveler’s diarrhea. You go away, come back, have diarrhea.

Enterotoxigenic E. Coli

10

Diarrhea from Preformed Enterotoxin Production – means

you have ingested the toxin that gave you diarrhea

11

Inflammatory diarrhea is __ diarrhea.
Only happens in our __.

bloody diarrhea
colon

12

___ is the feeling of constantly needing to pass stools

Tenesmus

13

LLQ cramps, urgency, and tenesmus. What must be ruled out?

Inflammatory Diarrhea
Rule out Inflamm Bowel disease

14

___: Shiga toxin-producing noninvasive organism-mc cause
Most commonly acquired from contaminated meat
Has resulted in several outbreaks of an acute, often severe hemorrhagic colitis.

E coli O157:H7

15

Best antidiarrheal agent, (other than just hydration) is

Pepto Bismol - Bismuth subsalicylate

16

5 causes of Inflammatory diarrhea

Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Entero-hemorrhagic E. coli, C. difficile

17

6 causes of Noninflammatory diarrhea

Viruses, C. perfrigens, C. aureus, B. cereus, Giardia, drugs

18

of abdominal tenderness or peritonitis
May be present in infection with what 2 organisms?

C difficile or enterohemorrhagic E coli

19

__ fluids are preferred with severe dehydration.

IV fluids

20

Antidirrheal agents are safe for which patients?

Safe in patients with mild to moderate illness

21

When are Anticholinergic agents contraindicated? What's it cause?

Acute diarrhea -> toxic megacolon