Flashcards in GI - 6 Diarrhea pt 1 Deck (21)
___ is a diagnosis made after everything else is ruled out
Irritable Bowel Disease
Acute diarrhea is:
It is usually __
Diarrhea persisting < 2 weeks
If you go camping, drink water, go home and have diarrhea….___
If antibiotics give you diarrhea do what?
Stop antibiotics and it goes away
the food is sitting out in the Sun all day. You vomit as well as have diarrhea.
Stool workup: Someone comes in with acute diarrhea, do: (3)
Culture & Sensitivity: learn the bacteria
Ova & Parasite: learn the protozoa X 3
We are secreting fluid into the small bowel, creating more fluid that results in diarrhea.
Diarrhea that is nonbloody, no fecal leukocytes
traveler’s diarrhea. You go away, come back, have diarrhea.
Enterotoxigenic E. Coli
Diarrhea from Preformed Enterotoxin Production – means
you have ingested the toxin that gave you diarrhea
Inflammatory diarrhea is __ diarrhea.
Only happens in our __.
___ is the feeling of constantly needing to pass stools
LLQ cramps, urgency, and tenesmus. What must be ruled out?
Rule out Inflamm Bowel disease
___: Shiga toxin-producing noninvasive organism-mc cause
Most commonly acquired from contaminated meat
Has resulted in several outbreaks of an acute, often severe hemorrhagic colitis.
E coli O157:H7
Best antidiarrheal agent, (other than just hydration) is
Pepto Bismol - Bismuth subsalicylate
5 causes of Inflammatory diarrhea
Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, Entero-hemorrhagic E. coli, C. difficile
6 causes of Noninflammatory diarrhea
Viruses, C. perfrigens, C. aureus, B. cereus, Giardia, drugs
of abdominal tenderness or peritonitis
May be present in infection with what 2 organisms?
C difficile or enterohemorrhagic E coli
__ fluids are preferred with severe dehydration.
Antidirrheal agents are safe for which patients?
Safe in patients with mild to moderate illness