GI - 6 Diarrhea pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in GI - 6 Diarrhea pt 2 Deck (21)
1

Empiric treatment is not meant for

Acute diarrhea. it resolves on its own w/o anything

2

The drugs of choice for empiric treatment of diarrhea:

Fluoroquinolones

3

Try not to treat with antibiotics unless they are already sick, because it can lead to ___

C. diff

4

Drug to treat diarrhea from Shigella, Salmonella, Traver’s diarrhea (E. coli)

Fluoroquinoline

5

2 drugs for Cholera

Doxycycline or Azithromycin

6

Drug for diarrhea from C difficile infection, giardiasis, and amebiasis

Metronidazole

7

What is chronic diarrhea?

Decrease in fecal consistency lasting ≥4 wks

8

How do you estimate stool osmolality?

stool (Na+ + K+) × 2

9

Osmolar gap > __ is indicative of osmotic diarrhea

125 mOsm/kg

10

______ implies diarrhea is caused by ingestion or malabsorption of an osmotically active substance

An increased osmotic gap (>125)

11

What diarrhea RESOLVES during fasting?

Osmotic diarrhea
if you’re not eating, none of these are drawing water into the bowel – no more osmotic diarrhea

12

What diarrhea is CAUSED by fasting?

Secretory diarrhea

13

Giardia, E. histolytica, and Cyclospora are ____ that can cause diarrhea

Chronic parasitic infections

14

People are constipated so they take laxatives or eat prunes, then come in with diarrhea.

Factitious Diarrhea

15

What must be ruled out when evaluating diarrhea?

Acute Diarrhea

16

What does ESR test do?

learns if there is inflammation (doesn’t say why/how)

17

What does Total protein & albumin test do?

look for long-term malabsorption, such as celiac disease

18

Stool pH < 5.6
consistent with:

carbohydrate malabsorption

19

What screens for Stool magnesium, phosphate, and sulfate ?

Stool laxative screen

20

High Gastrin relates to:

ZE syndrome

21

__ only shows distal portion of the colon

Sigmoidoscopy