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Flashcards in GI infection Deck (120):
1

What causes a peptic ulcer

Heliobacter pylori

2

What is a symptom of a peptic ulcer

Abdominal pain

3

How is Heliobacter transmitted

Fecal-oral transmission

4

How is heliobacter pain relieved

Food in duodenum

5

What exacerbates heliobacter pain

Food in stomach

6

What causes Cholera

Vibrio Cholerae

7

What is a symptom of Cholera

Rice-water stool

8

What is the most common virbio infection in humas

Cholera

9

How is cholera transmitted

Fecal-oral through food and water

10

What causes Shigellosis

Shigella sonnei
Flexneri
Dysenteriae
Bodydii

11

What are symptoms of Shigellosis

Abdominal Cramps
Fever
Diarrhea
Bloody stool

12

How is Shigellosis transmitted

Fecal-oral by ingesting bacteria on contaminated hands

(Cold foods and salad bars)

13

What is Shigellosis also known as

Bacillary dysentery

14

What toxin does Shigella sonnei release

Shiga toxin

15

What is the most common cause of Shigellosis in the US

Shigella sonnei

16

What is the second most common cause of Shigellosis in the US

Shigella flexeri

17

What causes travelers diarrhea

E. Coli

18

How is Travelers diarrhea transmitted

Fecal-oral
consumption of uncooked beef, Unpasturized milk and juice

19

E. Coli is most likely to cause what in human

GI infection

20

What causes Campylobacter Diarrhea

Campylobacter jejuni

21

What is a symptom of Campylobacter Diarrhea

Blood+frequent Diarrhea for 7-10 days

22

How does one get Campylobacter Diarrhea

Contaminated Poultry

23

What is the most common cause of Bacterial Gastroenteritis in the US

Campylobacter jejuni

24

What causes Pseudomembranous Colitis

Clostridium difficle

25

What is a tell all symptom of Clostridium difficile

Formation of pseudo-mambranes in colon

26

What is an extremely common opportunistic infection in those taking antimicrobials

Clostridium difficle

27

Why is Clostridium difficle life threatening

Peritonitis due to massive internal infection by fecal bacteria

28

What causes Salmonellosis food poisoning

Salmonella enterica enteritidis
Salmonella enterica typhimurium

29

What is the most common way to get Salmonellosis (food poisoning)

Consuming contaminated Eggs

30

What cause Salmonellosis typhoid fever

Salmonella enterica typhi
Salmonella enterica paratyphi

31

What is a common symptom of Salmonellosis typhoid fever

Peritonitis

32

What is a famous carrier of Salmonellosis typhoid fever

Typhoid mary

33

What causes Staphylococcal food poisoning

Staph Aureus

34

What causes Clostridial food poisoning

Clostridium perfringens

35

What is special about clostridial food poisoning

No fever

36

How does one get Clostridium perfingens infection

Ingestion of contaminated meat

37

What causes yersinia food poisoning

Yersinia enterocolitica

38

What can yersinia food poisoning mimic

Appendicitis

39

How does one get yersinia food poisoning

Consumption of contaminated pork

40

Who is likely to get yersinia food poisoning

Children

41

What causes Bacillus cereus food poisoning

Bacillus cerus

42

How can someone get Bacillus cereus food poisoning

Consumption of rice dishes cooked and held at warm temp for hours

43

What is Bacillus cereus fod poisoning also known as

Fried rice syndrome

44

What causes Oral Herpes (cold sores)

HHV-1
Sometimes HHV-2

45

Where does HHV-1 stay latent in oral herpes

Trigeminal ganglia

46

What causes Mumps

Mumps virus

47

What are symptoms of Mumps

Parotits (swelling of parotid gland)
Orchitis (testicular swelling)

48

What causes Viral gastroenteritis

Norovirus (calicivirus)
Astrovirus
Rotavirus

49

What causes 90% of viral gastroenteritis

Norovirus

50

What is the number 1 cause of food borne illness in the US

Norovirus

51

What is the most common cause of infantile gastroenteritis

Rotavirus

52

What is strange about the symptoms of Viral gastroenteritis caused by Astrovirus

No vomiting

53

What causes Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A virus (HAV)

54

What is a major symptom of Hep A

Jaundice

55

How is Hep A transmitted

Fecal-oral route

56

What in important to know about Hep A

It is resistant to common household disinfectants

57

What is another name for Hep A

infectious hepatitis

58

What causes Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B virus

59

What are some symptoms of Hep B

Jaundice

60

What type of cancer is associated with Hep B

Liver cancers

61

How does one get Hep B

Infected needles
Sex
Vaginal canal (to babies)

62

How can Hep B cause Permanent liver damage

When someone has Hep B and Hep D infections

63

What causes Hep C

Hepatits C virus

64

What are symptoms of Hep C

Chronic Flu like

65

What accounts for most non-A and non-B hepatitis infections in the US

Hep C

66

How is Hep C transmitted

Infected Needles, organs, blood
Sex

67

What causes Hep D

Hepatits D virus

68

What Hepatitis plays a role in triggering liver cancer

Hep D

69

What causes Hep E

Hepatits E infection

70

What type of Hepatitis causes death in 20% of pregnant women

Hep E

71

What is another name for Hep E

Enteric Hepatitis

72

How does one get Hep E

Fecal-oral route
Contaminated Seafood, pigs, cows, water

73

What causes Giardiasis

Giardia intestinalis

74

What is a symptom of Giardiasis

Rottem egg smelling stool
Water diarrhea
abdominal pain

75

What is another name for Giardiasis

Beaver fever

76

What is the most common waterborne GI disease in the US

Giardiasis

77

How does one get Giardiasis

Ingesting cysts in contaminated water or when swimming

78

What causes Cryptosporidosis

Cryptosporidium parvum

79

What are symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis

Severe diarrhea
Headache
Muscular pain
Cramping

80

how does one get Cryptosporidosis

Drinking contaminated water

81

What is another name for Cryptosporidosis

Cryptosporidium enteritis

82

What causes Amebiasis

Entamoeba histolytica

83

What type of Amebiasis is asymptomatic

Luminal amebaisis

84

What type of Amebiasis causes severe diarrhea, colitis, appendicitis

Invasive amebic dysentery

85

What type of Amebiasis causes necrotic leions

Invasive extraintestinal amebiasis

86

What percentage of Amebiasis is asymptomatic

90%

87

what causes Cyclosporiasis

Cyclospora Cayetanensis

88

What have Cyclosporiasis outbreaks been linked to

Contaminated Raspberries

89

What two types of Tapewoms are asymptomatic, or just wt loss

Taenia Saginata
Taenia Solium

90

What type of tapeworm causes wt loss and megaloblastic anemia

Diphyllobothrium latum

91

What type of tapeworm has hydatic cysts in the liver

Echinococcus granulosus

92

How does one get Taenia Saginata

Consumption undercooked beef

93

How does one get Taenia solium

Consumption of undercooked pork

94

What types of tapeworms have proglottids (segments)

Taenia saginata
Taenia Solium

95

How does one get Diphyllobothrium latum

consumption of undercooked fish

96

What a tapeworm infection caused by diphyllobothrium latum also called

Diphyllobothriasis

97

How does one get Echinococcus granulosus

Consumption of food or water contaminated from dog feces

98

What is Canine tapeworm

Echinococcus Granulosus

99

What causes Ascariasis

Ascaris Lumbricoides

100

Is Ascariasis symptomatic or asymptomatic

Acymptomatic

101

What is the most common nematode infection of humans world wide

Ascariasis

102

How does one get Ascariasis

Ingest eggs in water or vegies

103

What causes Hookworm infections in the GI tract

Nacator americanus
Ancylostoma duodenale

104

What are symptoms of a hookworm infection in the GI tract

Ground itich
Anemia
Iron + protein deficiencies

105

What is the second most common nematode GI infection worldwide

Hookworm

106

What causes Pinworm infestations

Enterobius Vermicularis

107

What is the major symptom of Pinworm

Intense perianal itiching at night

108

What is the most common parasitic worm in the US (Mainly children)

Pinworm infection

109

How does one get a pinworm infection

Infected Bedding
Person to person after scratching

110

What cause Dracunculiasis

Dracunculus Medinensis

111

What is a symptom of a Dracunculiasis infection

Worm forms a blister, generally on foot

112

How does one get a Dracunculiasis infection

Ingesting water contaminated with copepods

113

What is another name for Dracunculiasis

Guinea worm disease

114

How is the Dracunculiasis worm removed

Winding the worm on a stick

115

What causes Trichinosis

Trichinella Spialis

116

What are symptoms of Trichinosis

Muscle pain
muscle weakness

117

Are most cases of Trichinosis asymptomatic

yes

118

What is another name for Trichinosis

Trichinellosis

119

Is Trichinosis common in the US

No

120

Hoe does one get Trichinosis

Ingesting undercooked pork containing cysts