Urinary + Reproductive system Flashcards Preview

Micro biology > Urinary + Reproductive system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary + Reproductive system Deck (69):
1

What are the symptoms of Bacterial Urinary tract infections

Persistent urge to urinate
Burning when urinating
Cloudy, bright pink urine

2

How is most likely to get a UTI

Women

3

What is the most common cause of non-nosicomial UTI

E. Coli

4

What bacteria cause Nosicomial bacterial UTI's

Providencia stuartii
Morganella morganii
Serratia marcescens
Citrobacter sp
Klebsiella Sp

5

What causes Leptospirosis

Leptospira interrogans

6

What is the infection caused by leptospirosis called

Weil's disease

7

Is leptospirosis common in the US

No

8

What causes Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

Strep pyogens

9

What is important about Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

Sudden appearance
Irreversible kidney damage

10

How does one get Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

Complication post-strep infection

11

What causes Straphylococcla toxic shock syndrome

Staphylococcus aureus

12

What are symptoms of Staphylococcla toxic shock syndrome

Extremely low BP
Confusion
Severs red rash
Loss of skin
Shock

13

How does one get Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome

Wound or in a abraded vagina

14

What is STSS associated with

Tampons
Menstration

15

What cause Bacterial Vaginosis

Various anaerobic bacteria

16

What is a symptom of Bacterial vaginosis

White vaginal discharge with a fishy odor

17

What is Bacterial vaginosis associated with

Multiple sexual partiners
Vaginal douching

18

Is Bacterial vaginosis linked to Sexual transmission

no

19

What causes vaginal yeast infections

Candida albicans

20

What is the symptom of vaginal yeast infections

Odor free vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese

21

What causes Gonorrhea

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

22

What is the symptom of Gonorrhea in men

Painful urination
Pus-filled discharge (urethritis)

23

Who is likely to show symptoms of Gonorrhea

Men
Women = asymptomatic

24

What is Gonorrhea know as

The Clap

25

Gonorrhea is common in what group of people

Black women

26

What is N. Gonorrhoeae also known as

The gonococcus

27

What causes Chlamydia

Chlamydid trachomatis

28

How does Chlamydia present in women

It doesn't, they are usually asymptomatic (but can have pus on cervix)

29

What are the symptoms of Chlamydia in men

Painful urination
Pus discharge from peinis

30

What is the most common reportable STD in the US

Chlamydia

31

What is the Inactive form of Chlamydia

Elementary bodies

32

What is the reproductive form of chlamydia

Reticulate bodies

33

What causes Lymphogranuloma venereum

Chlamydia trachomatis

34

What is a symptom of Lymphogranuloma venereum

Bubo in the groin region

35

Are the strains of Chlamydia trachomatis that cause Chlamydia different from Lymphogranuloma venereum

Yes

36

What causes Klebsiella granulomatis

Granuloma inguinale

37

What is the symptom of klebsiella granulomatis

Beefy red lesions

38

What causes Syphilis

Treponema pallidum pallidum

39

What are the stages of Syphilis

Primary
Secondary
Latent
Tertiary

40

What stage of Syphilis causes Chancre

Primary

41

What stage of syphilis is associated with a wide spread rash

Secondary

42

What stage of syphilis is clinically inactive

Latent

43

What stage of syphilis is associated with gummas

Tertiary

44

How is syphilis transmitted

Person-Persons via sex
Mother to child (birth)

45

What type of syphilis is given from mother to child

Congenital syphilis

46

Penicillin is used to treat syphilis except for what stage

Tertiary

47

What causes Chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi

48

What are symptoms of Chancroid

Soft Chancres

49

What causes Genital herpes

HHV-2
Sometimes HHV-1

50

Where does Genital herpes stay latent

Sacral ganglia

51

What quadruples the risk of HIV infection

HHV-2 infection

52

What causes Genital warts

HPV

53

What is the most common STD in the US

Genital warts

54

What type of cancer is associated with genital warts

Cervial and oropharyngeal cancer

55

What are Giant cauliflower-like genital warts called

Condyloma Acuminata

56

What causes AIDS

HIV

57

What is something to discern about AIDS

It is NOT a disease, it is a syndrome

58

What is the most well know HIV virus

Retrovirus

59

Does HIV + mean you have AIDS

no

60

What tests are done to determine if someone has AIDS

ELISA/ Wester blot tests

61

What causes Kaposi's Sarcoma

HHV-8 (Rhadinovirus)

62

What is a symptom of Karposi's Sarcoma

Cancerous tumor of the connective tissue
Bluish-red bumps on skin

63

What is Karposi's Sarcoma associated with

AIDS

64

How does one get Karposi's sarcoma

Bodily secretions

65

What causes Trichomoniasis

Trichomonas Vaginalis

66

What are symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Vaginal discharge and vaginal irritation

67

Is Trichomoniasis symptomatic in men

No

68

What is the most common curable STD in women

Trichomoniasis

69

Can trichomniasis increase risk of HIV infection

Yes