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Flashcards in Skin wounds Deck (121):
1

Which Gram + Bacteria Cause Abscess/Folliculitis (pimple, sty) from direct contact

Staph Aureus
Staph Epidermidis

2

What bacteria is the most common cause of Folliculitis

Staph aureus (MRSA)

3

Which bacteria that can cause Folliculitis is most predominant on skin but NOT likely to cause Folliculitis

Staph Epidermidis

4

Which Gram - bacteria causes Hot Tub Folliculitis

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

5

How does a Pseudomonas aeruginosa present its self

Small pimples on stomach, butt, arms, legs

6

Which Gram+ bacteria causes Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Staph Aureus

7

How does Staph Scalded skin syndrome present its self

Reddening of skin near mouth and spreads over entire body. Skin peels off in sheets

8

What can Staph Scalded skin syndrome be mistaken for

Child Abuse

9

How do you get Staph Scaled skin syndrom

Direct contact

10

Which Gram+ bacteria cause Impetigo

Staph Aureus
Strep Pyogens

11

How does Impetigo present its self

Small flattened red patches on face, can develop puss

12

Which bacteria is the most common cause of Impetigo

Staph aureus

13

Who is most likely to get Impetigo

Children

14

Which Gram+ bacteria is likely to cause Erysipelas

Strep Pyogens

Occasionally Staph aureus

15

Who is at risk of getting Erysipelas

Elderly 60-80

16

How does Erysipelas present itself

Fiery red rash with raised boarders

17

What bacteria causes Necrotizing fasciitis

Strep Pyogens (Gram+)

18

What is another name for Necrotizing fasciitis

Flesh Eating disease

19

How is Flesh Eating Disease transmitted

Person to person through breaks in skin

20

How does Necrotizing fasciitis spread in the body

Along Fascia

21

What bacteria causes Acne

Propionibacterium acnes (gram+)

22

What is an infection of hair follicle and sebaceous glands

Acne

23

What is the most sever from of acne

Cystic

24

Which gram- bacteria causes Cat scratch fever

Bartonella henselae

25

How does Cat scratch fever present its self

Bump of blister at site of injury
Lymphadenopathy (affects lymph nodes)

26

How do you get cat scratch fever

Cat scratches, licks, bites

27

What bacteria causes a Pseudomonas infection

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (gram-)

28

How does Pseudomonas infection present itself

Fever, chills,purulent matter in infected wounds

29

What pigement does Pseudomonas aeruginosa produce at site of pseudomonas infection

Pyocyanin

30

What bacteria causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rickettsia Ricketsii (gram-)

31

How is Rock Mountain Spotted Fever Transmitted

Ticks (vector)

32

How does Rocky Mountain spotted Fever presented

Non-itchy rash on trunk, soles and palms
Petechiae

33

What bacteria causes Cutaneous Anthrax

Bacillus Anthracis (gram+)

34

How does Cutaneous Antrhrax present itself

Black crusty ulcers (eschar)

35

What category of bioterrorism threat is Bacillus Anthracis

Cat A

36

What bacteria causes Gas Gangrene

Clostridium perfingens (gram+)

37

How does Gas Gangrene present itself

Foul smelling
Gas Bubbles

38

How is Gas Gangrene acquired

Fecal contamination of water/soil + Traumatic event introduces spores into dead tissue

39

What Micro organism causes Small Pox

Small pox Virus (DNA Virus)

40

How does Small pox pass from person to person

Inhalation

41

Which human disease is the only one to be eradicated woldwide

Small pox

42

What category of bioterrorism threat is Small pox

Cat A

43

What micro organism causes Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum Virus

44

How does Molluscum contagiosum present on a patient

Raised pearl-like waxy papules

45

How is Molluscum contagiosum transmitted

Direct contact

46

What causes Monkeypox

Monkey pox virus

47

Which Pox disease is an emerging disease

Monkeypox

48

Which micro organism causes Herpes labialis

HHV-1

49

How does HHV-1 typically present itself

Blister on face/mouth

50

Where does HHV-1 stay latent in Herpes labialis

Trigeminal ganglion

51

Which micro organism causes Herpetic Whitlow

HHV-1

52

How does Herpetic Whitlow present itself

Blisters on Finger

53

Where does HHV-1 stay latent in Herpetic Whitlow

Brachial ganglion

54

What micro organism causes Herpes gladiatorum

HHV-1

55

How does Herpes Gladiatorum present iself

Blisters anywhere on the body

56

What Herpes virus is associated with contact sports

Herpes Gladiatorum

57

What micro organism causes Chicken pox

HHV-3

58

How does Chicken pox present itself

Itchy fluid filled blisters

59

How is Chicken pox transmitted

Through respiratory tract or eyes

60

What is the old name for HHV-3

Varicella-zoster

61

What micro organism causes Shingles

HHV-3

62

How does Shingles present itself

Painful blisters that follow a dermatome (usually unilateral)

63

Where does (HHV-3) Shingles stay latent

Spinal dorsal root ganglia

64

How many people that have had chicken pox suffer from Shingles

15%

65

What micro organism causes Warts

HPV

66

How are warts transmitted

Direct contact
Autoinoculation (most common)

67

What are warts on fingers and toes called

Seed Warts

68

What are warts on Feet called

Plantar warts

69

Where are flat warts found

Trunk
Fact
Elbows
Knees

70

What causes Measles

Measles Virus

71

Is the Measles virus a RNA or DNA virus

RNA virus

72

What are the unique symptoms of Measles

Koplik spots on mucous membrane of mouth
Rash on head

73

How does measles spread

Through respiratory droplets

74

What can cause Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

Measles virus

75

What is German measles

Rubella

76

How does Rubella present itself

Rash of flat pink spots

77

What causes German measles

Rubella virus

78

How is German measles spread

Respiratory droplets

79

What can Rubella cause in pregnant women

Congenital Rubella Syndrom

80

Is German measles (rubella) a DNA or RNA virus

RNA virus

81

What causes Erythema Infectiosum

Parvovirus B19

82

How does Erythema Infectiosum present itself

Reddening of skin resembling a slap

83

What aggravates Erythema Infectiosum

Sunlight

84

Once the rash is present in Erythema infectiosum is the person still infectious

No

85

What is another name for Erythema infectiosum

Slapped cheek syndrome

86

What causes Roseola

HHV-6 (Roseolovirus)

87

How does Roseola present itself

Rose-colured rash

88

How is Roseola transmitted

Person to person, likely by oral secretion

89

What is Roseola linked to

Multiple Sclerosis

90

What causes Piedra

Piedraia Hortae
Trichosporon beiglii

91

How does Piedraia hortae present itself

Hard, black, irregular nodules on hair shaft

92

How does Trichosporon beiglii present itself

Soft, greyish-white irregular nodules on hair shaft

93

How are the fungi that cause Piedra transmitted

Shard combs and hair brushes

94

What fungus causes Black Piedra

Piedraia Hortae

95

What fungus causes White Piedra

Trichosporon Beiglii

96

What fungus causes Pityriasis Versicolor

Malassezia Furfur

97

How does Pityriasis versicolor present itself

Hypo- or hyperpigmented patches of scaly skin

98

How is Malassezia furfur identified

Green colour under UV light

99

Which fungi cause dermatophytoses

Epidermophyton sp.
Microsporum sp.
Trichophyton sp.

100

What is another name for Dermatophytoses

Ring worm

101

What is Athletes foot called

Tinea Pedia

102

What is Jock itch called

Tinea Cruis

103

What is Dermatophytoses (ring worm) on the trunk called

Tinea Corporis

104

What is Dermatophytoses (ring worm) called on the head

Tinea Capitis

105

What is Dermatophytoses (ring worm) called on toenails

Tinea Unguium (onychomycosis)

106

What fungi causes Sporotrichosis

Sporothrix Schenckii

107

How does Cutaneous Sporotrichosis present itself

Nodular lesions around infection site

108

How does Lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis present itself

Lesions occur on skin along the course of lymphatic vessels

109

What is another name for Sporotrichosis

Rose-gardeners disease

110

What is the mode of tranmission of Sporotirchosis

Thorn pricks and splinters

111

What protozoan causes Leishmaniasis

Leishmania sp.

112

What is the vector for Leishmaniasis

Sand fly

113

how does Cutaneous Leishmaniasis present itself

Large painless skin lesions

114

How does Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis present itself

Lesions enlarge to encompass mucous membranes

115

How is Visceral leishmaniasis spread in the body

Through Macrophages

116

What are the nicknames for Leishmaniasis

Baghdad boil
Kala azar

117

What causes Scabies

Sarcoptes scabiei

118

How does Scabies present itself

Intense itiching

119

What kind of micro organism is Sarcoptes scabiei

a mite

120

What are the characteristics of Sarcoptes scabiei infections

Linear burrows

121

How can you transmit Sarcoptes scabiei

Prolonged bodily contact