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Flashcards in Respiratory system Deck (103):
1

Which micro organism causes Strep throat

Strep Pyogens

2

What is the mode of transmission of Strep throat

Respiratory droplets

3

What might a strep throat infection caused by strep pyrogens lead to

Scarlet fever
rheymatic fever
glomerulonephritis

4

What is the number one cause of Pharyngitis

Strep throat

5

What age group is the most common for strep throat infection

5-15

6

What causes Scarlet fever

Strep pyogens

7

What is a tell all symptom of scarlet fever

Strawberry tongue

8

How is scarlet fever transmitted

Respiratory droplets

9

What is another name for scarlet fever

Scarletina

10

What causes Diphtheria

Corynebacterium Diphtheria

11

How is Diphtheria transmitted

Person to person
Respiratory droplets
Skin contact

12

What disease has a characteristic Palisade arrangement

Diphtheria

13

What skin test is used to test for Diphtheria

Schick test

14

What bacteria is most likely to cause Sinusitis

Moraxella catarrhalis

15

What is the most likely mode of transmission of a sinus infection

Bacteria in pharynx spread to sinuses via throat

16

What bacteria can cause sinusitis

Moraxella catarrhalis
Strep pyogens
Haemophilus infulenzae b
Strep pneumoniae

17

What bacteria is mostlikely to cause Otitis Media

Strep pneumoniae

18

What bacteria can cause Otitis media

Strep Pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenza b
Staph aureus
Moraxella catarrhalis

19

What is the most common cause of the common cold

Rhinovirus

20

What is the second most common cause of the common cold

Coronavirus

21

What viruses can cause the common cold

Rhinovirus
Coronavirus
Adenovirus

22

What is another name for the common cold caused by the rhinovirus

Rhinorrhea

23

What causes Pneumococcal pnemonia

Strep pneumoniae

24

What is a tell all symptom of pneumococcal pneumonia

Rust-coloured sputum
Consolidation in lungs

25

How does one get pneumococcal pneumonia

Inhalation of bacteria

26

What is another name of pneumococcal pneumonia caused by strep pneumoniae

Typical pneumonia

27

What causes Mycoplasma pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

28

What are some other names for Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Atypical pneumonia
Walking pneumonia

29

Why is mycoplasma pneumoniae also called walking pneumonia

Because it is similar to the flu or asymptomatic

30

What causes klebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella pneumoniae

31

What is a tell all symptom of Klebsiella pneumoniae

Currant jelly sputum

32

Who is most at risk of developing klebsiella pneumoniae

Immuno-compromised people

33

What is a typical pneumonia symptom

Consolidation of lungs

34

What bacteria that can cause pneumonia is associated with the plague

Yersinia pestis

35

What causes Ornithosis

Chlamydophila pasittaci

36

How does Ornithosis present itself

Flu-like symptoms within 10 days of exposure

37

how does one get Ornithosis

Inhalation of aerosolized feces/respiratory secretions

Beak-to-mouth contact with infected birds

38

What is another name for ornithosis

Psittacosis

39

What causes Legionnaires disease

Legionella pneumophila

40

How does one get legionnaires disease

Inhalation of bacteria in aerosols from water sources

41

Other than legionnaires disease what can also be caused by legionella pneumophila

Pontiac fever

42

What are symptoms of legionnaires disease

Fever
Chills
Nonproductive cough
Headach
pneumonia

43

What causes Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

44

What are the three types of TB

Primary
Secondary
Disseminated

45

What are notable symptoms in primary TB

Tubercles
Ghon's complex
Caseous necrosis

46

What is a notable symptom in Disseminated TB

Consumption

47

How is TB transmitted

Respiratory droplets

48

What is it called when TB is in the spine

Pott's disease - Primary TB

49

Children are most likely to get what type of TB

Primary

50

What is the leading killer of HIV patients

TB

51

What causes Pertussis

Bordetella pertussis

52

What are the 4 phases of Pertussis

Incubation
Catarrhal
Paroxysmal
Convalescent

53

What phase of Pertussis has the characteristic whooping cough

Paroxysmal

54

How does one get pertussis

Highly contagiuos

55

What is another name of Pertussis

Whooping cough

56

Who is most likely to develop whooping cough

Children

57

What causes Epiglottitis

Haemophilus influenza b

58

What is a sign of Epiglottitis

Tripod position (lean slightly forward to breath)

59

How does one get Epiglottitis

Person to person
Direct contact
Droplet inhalation

60

What is an important consideration about epiglottitis

It is a medical emergency and requires immediate help

61

What causes Inhalational anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

62

What are symptoms of inhalation anthrax

Flu symptoms
breathing problems
lethargy
shock
death

63

How does one get inhalation anthrax

Inhalation of endospores

64

What causes influenza

Influenza virus (Orthomyxovirus) A and B

65

When does antiviral medication need to be administered to stop influenza

Within 48 hours of infection

66

What can cause Bronchitis

Rhinovirus
Adenovirus
Influenza virus
mycoplasma pneumoniae
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
Bordetella petrussis

67

What percent of Bronchitis is viral

90%

68

What percent of Bronchitis is bacterial

10%

69

What causes Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

Coronavirus

70

What does SARS require

BSL-3

71

What causes Respiratory syncytial virus infection

RSV - respiratory syncytial virus

72

What are symptoms of Respiratory syncytial virus infection

Bluish skin
intercostal retractions
nasal flaring
rapid breathing
Death

73

What is the most common childhood respiratory disease

Respiratory syncytial virus infection

74

What is the severe form of respiratory syncytial virus infection

Bronchoiolitis

75

What causes Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)

Hantavirus

76

What are the symptoms of Hanatavirus Pulmonary syndrome

Cough
Shock
Laboured breathing
Death

77

What does Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome require

BSL-4

78

How does one get a Hantavirus infection

Inhalation of Virons in dried mouse urine or feces

79

What causes Croup

Parainfluenze virus

80

What is a major symptom of Croup

Seal-bark cough

81

Who is at risk of developing Croup

Children

82

How is Croup transmitted

Repiratory droplets
Person to person contact

83

What causes Coccidioidomycosis

Coccidioides immitis

84

What forms in the lungs in a Coccidioidomysosis infection

Spherules

85

What is Coccidioidomycosis also called

San Joaquin Valley fever

86

What is a common vehicle of infection for Coccidioidomycosis

Native American pots and blankets

87

What causes Pulmonary Blastomycosis

Blastomyces dermatidis

88

What are the symptoms of Pulmonary blastomycosis

FLu-like symptoms

89

What is another name for Pulmonary Blastomycois

Gilchrist's disease

90

How does one get Pulmonary Blastomycosis

Inhalation of dust carrying fungal spores

91

What causes Paracoccidioidomycosis

Paracoccidioides brasillensis

92

What are the symptoms of Paracoccidioidomycosis

Pneumonia or TB like symptoms

93

Who often gets Paracoccidioidomycosis

Farmers

94

What causes Histoplasmosis

Histoplasma capulatum

95

What percent of patients with Histoplasmosis are asymptomatic

95%

96

What can you often find on a chest X-ray in patients with hisoplasmosis

Granuloma in lungs

97

What can histoplasmosis granulomas be confused with

Cancer

98

What is another name for Histoplasmosis

Ohio River Valley disease

99

What is the most common fungal pathogen affecting humans

Hisoplasma capsulatum

100

What causes Pneumocytis Pneumonia (PCP)

Pneumocystis jirovecii

101

What is a common ooprtunistic pathogen in aids patients

Pneumocystis jirovecii

102

What causes Aspergillosis

Aspergillus

103

What are the symptoms of Aspergillosis

Allergies