Flashcards in Head and Neck Cancers Deck (33):
What are the four major divisions of cancer of the head and neck?
True or false: black and white women have similar rates of oral cavity / pharyngeal cancers
Black men have (__)% highers rates of oral/pharyngeal cancers than white males
Which ethnicity has the lowest rates of oral cavity/pharyngeal cancers?
Which ethnicity has the lowest rates of laryngeal cancers?
Both black men and women have 2x the risk of which cancer relative to white men and women?
What is the most common type of head/neck cancer?
What are the chemicals that predispose patients to head and neck cancerS?
What is the classic triad of plummer vinson syndrome?
What is the viral family of EBV? Genetic material? Enveloped?
What is the viral family of HPV? Genetic material? Enveloped?
What are the two proteins that are utilized by HPV?
Most people who have head or neck cancers have what environmental exposures?
EtOH and smoking
What are the major occupations that predispose patients to head and neck cancers? (5)
-Ra dial painting
What are the strains of HPV that cause cancer?
16, 18, 31, 33
What are the HPV strains that cause genital warts?
6 and 11
What ear findings may be suggestive of head/neck cancer?
What are the throat findings suggestive of head/neck cancer? (3)
What are the hematological findings suggestive of head/neck cancers? (2)
What are the nasal findings suggestive of head/neck cancer? (3)
What is the process of progression with head/neck cancers?
White patches that do not rub off = ?
White patches on the tongue that rub off = ?
What is the genetic mutation in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome?
What is the adenoma-carcinoma sequence of the GI tract?
What is the role of ASA in the prevention of GI carcinoma?
p53 mutations and increased expression of COX allow for progression to CA
What is the prognosis for red patches in the mouth that do not go away in 2 weeks?
20-30% will develop into cancer
How do you diagnose laryngeal cancer?
What is the gross appearance of tumors in the mouth?
What type of voice will a patient with a unilateral vocal cord mass present with?
What type of voice will a patient with hypopharynx mass present with?
The lymphatic in the true vocal cords are minimal. What is the significance of this, relative to hypopharyngeal cancers?
higher incidence of mets in hypopharyngeal than in true glottic cancers