[hearingloss&tinnitus] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in [hearingloss&tinnitus] Deck (25)
1

[deaf]: Negative Rinne test shows what BC/AC relationship

BC>AC

2

[deaf]: a conductive hearing loss of ... dB results is a - rinne test

>20

3

[deaf]: when might you get a false -ve rinnes

Severe SNHL

4

[deaf]: how can you get around a false -ve Rinne test

Mask other ear with a noise box

5

[deaf]: when is rinnes +ve (2)

Normality
SNHL

6

[deaf]: What acronym is used to remember Rinnes

SNAC RIC

7

[deaf]: what does SNAC RIP stand for

sensorineural, normal; air conduction is better: Rinnies Is Positive

8

[deaf]: Webers which ear does sound localise to in SNHL

Contralateral

9

[deaf]: Webers which ear does sound localise to in Conductive

affected ear

10

[deaf]: 4 causes of conductive hearing loss

Wax
Otosclerosis
Otitis media
glue ear

11

[deaf]: Chronic SNHL causes (2)

accumulated noise toxicity
Presbyacusis

12

[deaf]: what is presbyacusis

age related hearing loss (high frequency sounds lost first)

13

[deaf]: sudden SNHL (6)

Gentamicin
noise exposure
mumps
acoustic neuroma
vasculitis
MS

14

[deaf]: what is otosclerosis

an abnormal growth of bone near the middle ear stapes

15

[tinnitus]: what is tinnitus

ringing or buzzing in ears

16

[tinnitus]: what is the worry in unilateral tinnitus

acoustic neuroma

17

[tinnitus]: what is the pathophysiology of tinnitus

focal hyperexcitability of auditory cortex

18

[tinnitus]: what causes tinnitus in 20%

hearing loss

19

[tinnitus]: what 3 drugs cause tinnitus

aminoglycosides
loop diuretics
Aspirin (reversible)

20

[tinnitus]: there is a huge psychological association. Many patients experience

depression/divorce/retirement

21

[tinnitus]: Carotid artery stenosis/AV malformation or dissection may be suspected if tinnitus is ... in character

pulsatile

22

[tinnitus]: mainstay of tx is psychological support/cognition therapy. There are no drugs. What may help? (non-surgical).

Masking (white noise)

23

[tinnitus]: if tinnitus is disabling what surgical option is there

cochlear nerve section (works in 25%)

24

[tinnitus]: what is the SE of cochlear nerve sectioning

deafness

25

[tinnitus]: why might hearing aids help

amplify desirable sounds