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Flashcards in High Middle ages notes Deck (27):
1

what were new innovations

iron plows, harness, 3 feild system, money,

2

who forms middle class what power did they yeil

merchants traders and artisans __ economic and political

3

King of england died without an heir, ---- raised an army to back up the pope, sailed and conquered england

william of normandy

4

was crowned king after battle of hastings on christmas day

william the conqueror (normandy)

5

Set out to change England's legal system, took all ready accepted customs and made them law, traveling justices,

Henry 2

5

Set out to change England's legal system, took all ready accepted customs and made them law, traveling justices,

Henry 2

6

-- tried to extend his courts to include church officials, but ---- opposed him (what happened)

Henry 2

Thomas Becket arch bishop of Canterbury ( they were friends tho

Knight miss read king, killed his friend

7

--- signed --- after angering nobles with taxes and abusing his powers

King john ,,,,, manga carts

8

What was two main points for Magna Carta

Due process
Habeas corpus

9

---, gov must follow established rules

Due process

11

-- you cannot be held with out being charged

Habeas corpus

12

Made throne hereditary, and built a bureaucracy of government officials who collected taxes and imposed laws over his land

hugh capet

13

A very religious man, he persecuted hereticts, jews, and led knights in crusade, church declared him saint

Luis 9

14

---- disagreed about secular matters that were being dictated by the pope. these qaurels with the pope lead to election of pope in france

Philip the 4th,,,,, "the fair"

15

wanted to strengthen his position by granting the symbols of office to chruch man in his lands in hopes to gain their loyalty,

Henry 4

16

disagreed as this would lessen popes control and he was threatened by this position (they argued)

pope gregory 7

17

defied the pope until he issued an interdiction upon him and his people, his knight forced him to say sorry

henry 4

18

In middle ages, a written document that set out rights and privileges of a town.

charter

19

In middle ages, an association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to uphold standards of their trade and to protect their economic interests.

guild

20

A young person learning a trade from a master.

apprentice

21

A group of people, including merchants, traders, and artisans, who rank was between nobles and peasants

middle class

22

A salaried worker employed by a guild master.

journeyman

23

Legal system based on custom and court rulings

common law

24

The requirement that the government act fairly and in accordance with established rules in all that it does.

due process of law

25

Principal that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime.

habeas corpus

26

The legislature of England, and later of Great Britain.

parliament

27

The Great Charter approved by king john of England in 1215: it limited royal power and established certain rights of English freemen.

Magna carta