turmoil late middle ages chp 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in turmoil late middle ages chp 8 Deck (29):
1

europe was involved in------ major wars with middle east called-------,

7, crusades

2

how did crusades begin, who fought

christians wanted control of jerusalem,
men who wanted to be absolved of all sin (instant ticket to heaven).

3

the urging of pope---- in 1095, was only successful crusade, christian take jerusalem (like holocaust)

urban 2,,,,1 crusade

4

started when muslims reapedetly try to take territories that the europeans gained. fell to muslims and crusade ended in failure..

2 crusade

5

Europeans failed to retake jerusalem,but ---- agreed to open land to christian pilgrims-

saladin.... 3 crusade

6

went to byz empire (constantinople) and fought christians.. the european army looted and destroyed constantinople

4 crusade

7

neg impacts of crusades

left bitter legacy of religious hatred, both muslims and christians caused atrocities, both fought to keep home land,

8

positive of crusades

algebra, new trade to west, chess, linen

9

---- was carried by fleas on asian black rats and brought to europe on the ships returning from asia

bubonic plague

10

causes of plague

over crowding, poor sanitation, poor health, poor harvest, poor hygiene, bad water

11

symptoms of plague

fevers,aches, vomiting blood, swelling, cysts, death 3 to 4 days

12

medical measure for plague

burned incense, rang church bells, protective clothes,

13

what did plague affect

population, economy, social order, church, music and art, and anti semitism.

14

--- began 100 year war, overland that was claimed by ----

france,,, england,,,

15

helped endland get several early victories

longbow

16

---- lead a french army against the english, she was capture by english, tried for witch craft, and burned at the stake.

joan of arc

17

when 100 year war ended with ---

england had very little land on the european continent.

18

---- lead a french army against the english, she was capture by english, tried for witch craft, and burned at the stake.

joan of arc

19

when 100 year war ended with ---

england had very little land on the european continent.

20

A series of wars from the 1000s through 1200s in which European Christians tried to win control of the Holy land from Muslims.

crusades

21

Jerusalem and other places in Palestine where Christians believe Jesus had lived and preached.

holy land

22

A church court set up to try people accused of heresy.

inquisition

23

In medieval Europe, the school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian belief.

Scholasticism

24

Everyday language of ordinary people.

vernacular

25

Type of European architecture that developed in the middle ages, characterized by flying buttresses, ribbed vaulting, thin walls, and high roofs.

gothic style

26

Stone supports on the outside of a building that allowed builders to construct higher, thinner walls that contained large stain-glass windows.

flying buttresses

27

Outbreak of a rapidly spreading disease.

epidemic

28

Six-foot-long bow that could rapidly fire arrows with enough force to pierce most armor.

longbow

29

Permanent division in the church.

schism