Flashcards in rome week 2 Deck (39):
Ambitious military leader, dominated roman politics, forced rome to make him a dictator.
Triumphant Octavian (first citizen) exercised absolute power in rome, had stable gov, and introduced stable government.
Good ruler, codified roman laws and wall built to protect rome.
Underground or bridge like stone structure that carried water from hills to citys
(roman peace) during this time rome was in peace and unity. Legions protected the land and every thing was going well (golden age).
Soldier working for a foreign army for pay.
Economic cycle that involves a rapid rise in prices linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money available.
A nomadic people of central asia.
Roman emperor born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia, He rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus.
what are the three triumvirates
crassus pompey and julius caeser
after ----- died these two triumvirate fought for power in which -- won because everyone loved him
crassus pompey julius caeser===
(egyptian bros killed pompey)
declared himself dictator
----- were afraid of caeser, in order to protect ------ they killed him (called the)
senators,,,, the republic,,, ides of march..... ( wanted to save republic but ironically just ended.)
What lead to of the republic
people angry by Caesers death, and augustus came into rule
who ganged up hunt down Caesers murder. but turned up against each other
mark anthony,,, octavion (nephew)
---- joined with cleopatra to defeat octavion
(lost naval battle)
who won octavian or mark anth
mark and cleopatra lost and killed themselves
What did octavian (caesers nephew) change his name too
of father of the country
whos romes first emporer, what two ways does he strengthen authority
augustus, soldiers had to swear allegiance, built house for freemen former slaves.
Rome didnt like father then son rulers, which led to
2 evil and insane roman rulers
persecuted christians and blamed for setting fire to most of rome
1st emporer to be assasinated (by body gaurds)
two good emperors of rome
Hadrian, marcus aurelius
codified roman law and built wall to hold back attackers
attempted to be platos ideal of a philospher king, committed to duty and dignity
What came from pax romana period
trade flourished, use same coins, no taxes, no goods brought on, no pirates,
changes with laws were
judges wrote, everyone considered equal till proven otherwise, laws same all over
what was romes biggest race course
(atruscians evolved to gladiators)
set out to have order in rome,,, DIVIDED rome in 2 parts, he controlled wealthier east.
Diocletian to control economy problem did
set maximum prices, workers were given jobs for life, officials made responsible for taxes
First christian emporer, granted tolerance to them, moved roman capitol to the east and called it ----
forced germanic tribes into roman territory.
took over western europe then ousted them -- called
vandals.... fall of rome