Rome chapter one Flashcards Preview

flashcard 2016-2017 > Rome chapter one > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rome chapter one Deck (27):
1

People who inhabited early Italy.

1. Etruscans

2

System of government in which officials are chosen by the people

republic

3

In ancient rome, official from the patrician class who supervised the government and commanded the armies.

consul

4

In ancient Rome, Member of the land holding upper class.

patrician

5

Ruler who has complete control over a government, in ancient rome, a leader appointed to rule for 6 months in times of emergency

dictator

6

Member of the lower class, including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders

plebian

7

Official who was elected by the plebeians to protect their interests.

tribune

8

basic unit of the ancient roman army, made up of about 5,000 soldiers.

legion

9

Domination by one country, of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.

imperialism

10

Huge estates brought up by newly wealthy roman citizens.

latifundia

11

Rome was founded by whom
(traced back to ----- where --- killed----

romulus and remus
rom kills rem
aeneans start

12

settled in etruia, italys first highly civilized people, (great weapon was shoes)

etruscans

13

etruscans are divided into three groups but then had accomplishments such as

godls modeled after greeks, Arch for bridges and aqueducs - sewage

14

rome set up a ---- empire in which they could elect rulers

republe

15

in roman government there was 2 peopele--- ----- and they both had powers to do

senate tribunes, had to agree before law passed and each have power to veto a law.

16

300 men chosen for life, handle daily problems and propose laws

senate

17

they elected by plebians and severed to protect them

tribunes

18

roman army made up of---- with 5000 soldiers in each.

legion

19

roman armies treated conquered people with fairness doing (5 thing)

they didnt pay taxes, chose own government, could be roman citizens, had to serve in army, many enemies became allies

20

Romans fought 3 series of wars called the ----- against the carthages (strength in navy) (rome had army)

punic war

21

Romans fight carhtage first time for north african city state, romans won agreed piece, (took islands)

1st punic war

22

Carthage wanted revenge... had general ----- led army which had war elephants, romans expected it, sent armies to to land and they returned and lost war Rome won

2 punic war
Carthage had to pay rome and give up territories

23

After long peace Carthage started to gain power again. So rome attacked by ------(3) After this rome conquered greece

burning, salt in fields, killed them - sold em...
3rd punic war

24

Why did rome republic decline

rich hated and feared poor

25

was a tribune and wanted to divide public lands and gice them to the poor

tiberius gracchus

26

tiberious brother (tribune) and used bros stuff he was very good speaker

Gauis gracchus

27

first military general to become consul, set professional army, helped romans but hurt republic. tried to take rome but made a civil war and became a dictator

gaius marius