Flashcards in Rome chapter one Deck (27):
People who inhabited early Italy.
System of government in which officials are chosen by the people
In ancient rome, official from the patrician class who supervised the government and commanded the armies.
In ancient Rome, Member of the land holding upper class.
Ruler who has complete control over a government, in ancient rome, a leader appointed to rule for 6 months in times of emergency
Member of the lower class, including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
Official who was elected by the plebeians to protect their interests.
basic unit of the ancient roman army, made up of about 5,000 soldiers.
Domination by one country, of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region.
Huge estates brought up by newly wealthy roman citizens.
Rome was founded by whom
(traced back to ----- where --- killed----
romulus and remus
rom kills rem
settled in etruia, italys first highly civilized people, (great weapon was shoes)
etruscans are divided into three groups but then had accomplishments such as
godls modeled after greeks, Arch for bridges and aqueducs - sewage
rome set up a ---- empire in which they could elect rulers
in roman government there was 2 peopele--- ----- and they both had powers to do
senate tribunes, had to agree before law passed and each have power to veto a law.
300 men chosen for life, handle daily problems and propose laws
they elected by plebians and severed to protect them
roman army made up of---- with 5000 soldiers in each.
roman armies treated conquered people with fairness doing (5 thing)
they didnt pay taxes, chose own government, could be roman citizens, had to serve in army, many enemies became allies
Romans fought 3 series of wars called the ----- against the carthages (strength in navy) (rome had army)
Romans fight carhtage first time for north african city state, romans won agreed piece, (took islands)
1st punic war
Carthage wanted revenge... had general ----- led army which had war elephants, romans expected it, sent armies to to land and they returned and lost war Rome won
2 punic war
Carthage had to pay rome and give up territories
After long peace Carthage started to gain power again. So rome attacked by ------(3) After this rome conquered greece
burning, salt in fields, killed them - sold em...
3rd punic war
Why did rome republic decline
rich hated and feared poor
was a tribune and wanted to divide public lands and gice them to the poor
tiberious brother (tribune) and used bros stuff he was very good speaker