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Flashcards in soc EXAM Deck (26):
1

is the period after collapse of rome, Western Europe entered this period of political, social, and economic decline
(middle ages) (the age of faith)
(light of civilization went out)
Church grew to be very powerful in which people would follow.. Church protected them from evil

darkages

2

King of the franks, conquered roman province of Gaul, was the first to convert to christianity, Franks became catholic

clovis

3

worried about spread of muslims armies into africa and western europe, used frankish warriors to destroy Muslims

Charles “The Hammer” Martel

4

Became third king of franks, Launched 30 year military campaign, Became ruler of western europe on christmas day……. Crowned holy roman king

charlemagne

5

----Restored humanity of old roman empire, paved way for development of europe, by central gov,

charlemagne

6

Developed out of need for people to protect themselves and property. protection and safety created by social order,

feudalism

7

Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater Lord.

feudalism

8

Feudal pyramid

(peasants,, serfs) (merchants, farmers, crafts men) (knight, vassal) (nobles) (monarch) Theology is over everything

9

Page (serve lord),,, squire (Learning education),,,, knight (dubbed knight) knights were also involved mock battles

Knights – process to become one

10

Code of conduct for knights during Middle Ages.

chivalry

11

largest public building, ritual was everyday, new gothic style churches.
developed canon law, claimed supremacy, and excommunication / interdiction

medieval church

12

revived the benedictine rule and over the next 200 years many monasteries and convents copied these reforms

Abbot berno

13

insisted that the church chose officials and outlawed marriage for priests and the selling of church offices

Oregory VII

14

13. Charter and why you created one

In middle ages, a written document that set out rights and privileges of a town.

15

15. Medieval middle class

merchants traders and artisans __ economic and political

16

King of england died without an heir, ---- raised an army to back up the pope, sailed and conquered England
was crowned king after battle of hastings on christmas day,,,,,,
casted census and created domesday book. He required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him.

16. William the Conqueror

17

Set out to change England's legal system, took all ready accepted customs and made them law, traveling justices,
tried to extend his courts to include church officials, but Thomas Becket opposed him (what happened),, HAD TO APPLY TO EVERY ONE

henry 2

18

Friend of henry 2, he was bishop of Canterbury, was killed by henry 2 knights, Henry claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts.

thomas becket

19

French king aided in the election of a new pope so he could put the papacy under his protection and move it to France. “the fair” disagreed with secular matters of pope.

22. Philip IV

20

Government must follow the established rules.

23. Due process

21

You cannot being held without being charged.

24. Habeas corpus

22

In hope to gain loyalty he elected church officials, pope Gregory VII disagreed because it would lessen popes control, this caused interdiction

25. Henry IV

23

Pope Gregory VII's do to Henry IV because of their disagreement?-- Excommunicating him from the Church forcing him to beg forgiveness

26. Gregory VII

24

28. Explain the 1st crusade and its importance

the urging of pope urban 2 in 1095, was only successful crusade, christian take jerusalem (like holocaust) (they killed jews)

25

29. Explain the 4th crusade and its importance

went to byz empire (constantinople) and fought christians.. the european army looted and destroyed constantinople

26

30. Explain the Black Death and how it spread and its effects.

was carried by fleas on asian black rats and brought to europe on the ships returning from asia,
over crowding, poor sanitation, poor health, poor harvest, poor hygiene, bad water,
population, economy, social order, church, music and art, and anti semitism.