Flashcards in soc EXAM Deck (26):
is the period after collapse of rome, Western Europe entered this period of political, social, and economic decline
(middle ages) (the age of faith)
(light of civilization went out)
Church grew to be very powerful in which people would follow.. Church protected them from evil
King of the franks, conquered roman province of Gaul, was the first to convert to christianity, Franks became catholic
worried about spread of muslims armies into africa and western europe, used frankish warriors to destroy Muslims
Charles “The Hammer” Martel
Became third king of franks, Launched 30 year military campaign, Became ruler of western europe on christmas day……. Crowned holy roman king
----Restored humanity of old roman empire, paved way for development of europe, by central gov,
Developed out of need for people to protect themselves and property. protection and safety created by social order,
Loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater Lord.
(peasants,, serfs) (merchants, farmers, crafts men) (knight, vassal) (nobles) (monarch) Theology is over everything
Page (serve lord),,, squire (Learning education),,,, knight (dubbed knight) knights were also involved mock battles
Knights – process to become one
Code of conduct for knights during Middle Ages.
largest public building, ritual was everyday, new gothic style churches.
developed canon law, claimed supremacy, and excommunication / interdiction
revived the benedictine rule and over the next 200 years many monasteries and convents copied these reforms
insisted that the church chose officials and outlawed marriage for priests and the selling of church offices
13. Charter and why you created one
In middle ages, a written document that set out rights and privileges of a town.
15. Medieval middle class
merchants traders and artisans __ economic and political
King of england died without an heir, ---- raised an army to back up the pope, sailed and conquered England
was crowned king after battle of hastings on christmas day,,,,,,
casted census and created domesday book. He required every vassal to swear first allegiance to him.
16. William the Conqueror
Set out to change England's legal system, took all ready accepted customs and made them law, traveling justices,
tried to extend his courts to include church officials, but Thomas Becket opposed him (what happened),, HAD TO APPLY TO EVERY ONE
Friend of henry 2, he was bishop of Canterbury, was killed by henry 2 knights, Henry claimed the right to try clergy in royal courts.
French king aided in the election of a new pope so he could put the papacy under his protection and move it to France. “the fair” disagreed with secular matters of pope.
22. Philip IV
Government must follow the established rules.
23. Due process
You cannot being held without being charged.
24. Habeas corpus
In hope to gain loyalty he elected church officials, pope Gregory VII disagreed because it would lessen popes control, this caused interdiction
25. Henry IV
Pope Gregory VII's do to Henry IV because of their disagreement?-- Excommunicating him from the Church forcing him to beg forgiveness
26. Gregory VII
28. Explain the 1st crusade and its importance
the urging of pope urban 2 in 1095, was only successful crusade, christian take jerusalem (like holocaust) (they killed jews)
29. Explain the 4th crusade and its importance
went to byz empire (constantinople) and fought christians.. the european army looted and destroyed constantinople