Flashcards in Housing need in Canada: Healthy lives start at home Deck (23):
What percentage of households in Canada live in substandard conditions or in housing need?
1/3 of households
What are additional factors that may lead to housing need?
2. Poor water and air quality
3. Unsafe neighbourhoods
4. Unstable housing, leading to frequent moves
5. Use of temporary housing
6. Inaccessibility for family members with a disability
What is the definition of inadequate housing?
In need of major repairs
What is the definition of unsuitable housing (crowded)?
Fails to meet the National Occupancy Standard requirements for number of bedrooms for the size and make-up of the household
What is the definition of unaffordable housing?
30% or more of gross household income spent on shelter costs
What is the definition of unacceptable housing?
Does not meet at least one of the standards of adequacy, suitability and affordability
What is the definition of core housing need?
Unacceptable housing and household would have to spend 30% or more of their gross household income to access acceptable housing in their community
What risks are associated with inadequate and crowded housing?
1. Aggressive behaviors
2. Property offenses
3. Diminished school performance
4. Asthma symptoms
5. Diminished overall health status
5. Poor air quality
6. Lead exposure
7. Exposure to health hazards
8. Increased injury risks
What are the risks of crowded housing?
1. Faster spread of communicable diseases
2. Psychological distress
4. Poor school performance
What are the risks of unaffordable housing?
2. Food insecurity
3. Inadequate childhood nutrition
What are the risks of unstable housing?
1. Emotional problems
2. Repeating a grade
3. Suspension or expulsion from school
4. Poor access to health care
What are the risks of inaccessible housing?
1. Reduced independence
2. Reduced mobility
3. Poor self esteem
4. Higher rates of unintentional injuries
How many First Nations homes in Canada do not have running water in 2011?
How many First Nations reserves in Canada in 2006 had drinking water systems that posed potential health risks?
How many First Nations communities were under boil water advisories in 2006?
What percentage of children presenting to pediatric emergency departments live in housing need?
How many Canadians had experienced homelessness or extremely insecure housing at some point in the previous five years?
Which populations are at higher risk for housing need?
1. First Nations
3. Recent immigrant (<5y)
4. Lone-parent-led households
5. Visible minority households
6. Children with disabilities
What percentage of Canadian children were living in poverty in 2010?
51.2% of lone-mother-led households
48% of recent immigrants
25% of First Nations children
What is the Ottawa Child/Youth Housing Advocacy initiative screening questionnaire for assessment of housing need?
1. On a scale of 1 to 10 (1 being a difficult living situation and 10 being an ideal living situation), how would you rate where you are living now?
2. What would you like to make better about where you are living?
Screening questions (HOME):
Harm: Is your home in need of major repairs?
Occupancy: How many people live in your home, in how many rooms?
Moves: How many times has your child or youth moved? Have you used a shelter or informal, temporary housing such as staying with friends or family?
Enough/Income: Do you have enough money for housing, food and utilities?
What should collaborative actions involve?
1. Local governments, provincial/territorial ministries of housing and health, the federal departments involved with housing, health, social services and education, as well as community groups, local health and housing authorities, and health and housing professionals.
2. Strategies at each governmental level and across sectors to ensure safe, adequate, accessible, suitable and affordable housing for all children, youth and families in Canada.
3. Housing-supportive policies based on accurate information about the state of housing and housing need, and specifically informed by the health impacts of housing on children and youth. To achieve this, the federal government must reinstate the mandatory long-form questionnaire as part of the national census. Accurate data, including the number and demographics of households waiting for subsidized housing in Canada, must exist to develop and implement an effective national housing strategy.
What should HCP do?
1. Advocate for improved housing as a key determinant of child and youth health, both nationally and within their own communities.
2. Ask about the housing status of families in their care, to better understand their health issues and ability to access and engage in health care.
3. Make sure that families they see are aware of the potential health effects of housing need and help them make informed housing choices.
4. Be aware of local resources to which they can refer youth and families experiencing housing need.
5. Consider writing letters for youth and families experiencing housing need and related health effects, to help them gain access to safe, adequate, accessible, suitable and affordable housing.