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Flashcards in Human Development Deck (77)
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1

Language 12 months?

One-word stage

2

Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder

ROS: child actively approaches and interacts w/ unfamiliar adults and exhibits @ least 2 of the following sx
- reduced/absent reticence in approaching unfamiliar adults
- overly familiar verbal or physical behavior
- reduced/absent checking back w/ adult caregiver after venturing away
- willingness to go off w/ an unfamiliar adult w/ minimal to no hesitation
*child has dev age of @ least 9 months

3

Advanced non-communicative speech (echolalia) @ 18mo?

Pervasive developmental disorder, cognitive deficits

4

Language 3-4 months?

Babbling

5

Cause of Death age 15-19?

1. Unintentional injury
2. Suicide
3. Homicide
(Worldwide - 1. Injury, 2. HIV, 3. Suicide)

6

Elder abuse

Aggressive or invasive behavior/actions or threats inflicted on an older adult resulting in harmful effects of the individual

7

Insecurely attached (anxious avoidant)

Child avoids interaction w/ mother upon her return
*(comfort denied to child)

8

Palmar grasp reflex

Makes fist when touching something

9

Causes of Death < 1 year?

1. Congenital malformations
2. Preterm birth
3. SIDS

10

BMI for children

Overweight: 85th to < 95th percentile
Obese: > or = to 95th percentile

11

Allopathic model

Physician, nurse, rehabilitationist

12

Parallel play

*symbolic
18mo-2yr

13

Social Contract Orientation

Actions guided by commonly agreed upon principles, as essential to public welfare

14

Cause of Death age 65+?

1. Heart dz
2. Cancer
3. Chronic lower respiratory dz

15

Selective Mutism

ROS: failure to speak in specific social situations in which there is an expectation for speaking
Onset: typically before 5 yo
Time: @ least 1 month

16

Solitary play

*Sensorimotor
< 18mo

17

Intellectual Disability Severities

Mild - 2 SD below mean
Moderate - 3 SD below mean
Severe - 4 SD below mean
Profound - 5 SD below mean (untestable)

18

Physical Child Abuse

Males @ higher risk of major abuse, under 12 males @ higher risk, over 12 females have higher risk, low birth wt/premature, learning disability, emotional/physical health problem, language problems

19

Absent babbling @ 6mo?

Hearing deficit

20

Elder neglect

Failure of a responsible party to act so as to provide adequate and reasonable assistance to meet the older adult's basic needs, resulting in harmful effects for the older adult

21

Language age 2-3 months?

Cooing

22

Anorexia Nervosa

ROS: intense anxiety and pathological misperceptions about one' body image, starvation as means to change one's body

23

Intellectual Disability

ROS: deficits in intellectual functions, and in adaptive functioning
Onset: during developmental period
*85% are mild severity cases

24

Absent smile @ 3mo?

Visual loss, attachment problems, maternal depression, child abuse/neglect

25

Chinese Model

Physician, shaman, herbalist, masseur

26

Insecurely attached (anxious resistant)

Child shows resistance when mother returns, may seek and then resist physical interaction
*(parental inconsistency)

27

Ataqua de Nervios

Culture: Latin America
ROS: uncontrollable shouting, crying, trembling, feeling of heat in chest rising to head, numbness, aggressive behavior, fainting
Progression: gradual build-up followed by acute onset of symptoms, then attack precipitated by stressful event

28

Persistent object mouthing @ 12mo?

Cognitive deficit

29

Stranger anxiety?

Appears @ 8-9mo

30

Conduct Disorder

ROS: repetitive/persistent pattern of behavior in which basic rights of others or major societal norms are violated
Onset: childhood - @ least 1 criterion prior to 10yo, adolescent - absence of criterion prior to 10yo
Time: @ least 3 sx in past 12mo w/ @ least 1 present in last 6mo