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Flashcards in Impact of Sexual Orientation Deck (17)
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0

What may be a phenomenon that contributes to risky behavior in LBGTQ adolescents?

Limited ability to project oneself in the future (not thinking about future relationship, spouse, children, etc. etc.)

1

Are bullying and suicide big problems?

Yes.

2

Is coming out objectively healthy?

Yep. Decreases anxiety, depression, burnout, and cortisol.

3

Do LGBTQ people have higher rates of substance use, anxiety, and depression?

Yep.

4

What's one disparity in the health care field with regard to violence experienced by LGBTQ people?

Physicians don't screen LGBTQ people for domestic abuse as much, despite similar prevalence.

5

How do state laws banning gay marriage physically harm LGBTQ people?

Increases in mood disorders, alcohol use disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder.

6

Is marriage protective for a variety of health problems for both heterosexual and LGBTQ people?

Yep.

7

4 diseases of note for lesbian patients?

Breast cancer
Cervical cancer
Ovarian and endometrial cancer
STIs

8

Why might lesbians be at a greater risk for breast cancer?

Less pregnancy -> more unopposed estrogen.
Higher BMIs
More EtOH use.
More often diagnosed late (less screening?)

9

Why are lesbians at greater risk for cervical cancer?

Less screening (larger intervals between Pap smears).
Misperception of lower risk for HPV infection - Some still have sex with men, an HPV is pretty easy to spread through sex toys, etc. (use your imagination)

10

Why might lesbians be at increased risk for endometrial and ovarian cancer?

less pregnancy
less oral contraceptive use
longer delay before seeing doc

11

Can women share STDs? (3 common examples)

Yep. Yeast, trichomonas, and bacterial vaginosis are pretty easy to spread.

12

3 health concerns of note in gay men?

Anal cancer (due to HPV).
Eating disorders / body image.
STIs

13

It's not just about HIV. 3 STIs common in gay men?

Hepatitis, Syphilis, Gonorrhea

14

2 noted HIV-related cancers?

Kaposi's Sarcoma (caused by HHV-8)
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

15

What does old data say is a common phenomenon in transgender people?

Prostitution to buy street hormones...

16

What must you still look out for in Male -> Female and Female -> Male sex reassignment surgery?

Male -> Female: The prostate is still there (still must screen for cancer).
Female -> Male: The breast tissue remains susceptible to cancer.