Imperialism Flashcards Preview

World History II > Imperialism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Imperialism Deck (25):
1

Imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially

2

paternalism

A Policy a treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights

3

economic imperialism

an independent but less developed country controlled by private business rather than government.

4

Sepoy Mutiny

In 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India. The cartridges of the guns were greased with pig/cow fat and the sepoys had to bite off the ends of them. The Hindus (cows are sacred) and the Muslims (don't eat pork) were outraged by this.

5

Racism

The belief that one race is superior to others

6

assimilation

A policy in which a nation forces or encourages the subject people to adopt its institutions and customes

7

geopolitics

taking territory for strategic reasons

8

Raj

The British took over complete control of the government in India.

9

Social Darwinism

The the application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and survival of the fittest to human societies– particularly as justification for imperialist expansion

10

Colony

Land controlled by another nation

11

Crimean War

A conflict in which the Ottoman Empire, with the aid of Britain and France, halted Russian expansion in the region of the Black Sea

12

Jewel in the Crown

The British colony of India–so called because of its importance in the British Empire, both at the supplier of raw materials and as a market for British trade goods

13

Berlin Conference

A meeting at which Africa was divided among European countries to avoid war.

14

protectorate

A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control and protection of an outside power

15

Suez Canal

A human made waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea

16

Pacific Rim

The land stuff for the Pacific ocean–especially those in Asia

17

Boer War

A conflict in which Boers and the British fought farms in Africa along with its diamonds and gold.

18

sphere of influence

A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities

19

sepoy

And Indian (hindus and muslims) soldier serving under British command

20

annexation

The adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit

21

conflict diamonds

"blood diamonds" illegally harvested. Used to support wars and terrorism.

22

White Man’s Burden

Poem by Kipling. Duty of the Europeans to civilize the natives and Christianize them.

23

Cecil Rhodes

Successful business man that thought that the British people were the first race in the world (and also the best, most human, and most honorable race the world possesses) and that the more land they inhabit, the better it is for the human race.

24

King Leopold II

Had his army take over the Congo for rubber plantations. He licensed companies that abused the Congolese that at least 10 million died during his rule.

25

Boers

Dutch farmers in south africa