Scientific Revolution Flashcards Preview

World History II > Scientific Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Scientific Revolution Deck (15):
1

geocentric theory

The earth is in immovable object located at the center of the universe. Idea by Ptolemy.

2

scientific method

Experimentation that ended the witch craze. In the experiment, someone had to be able to replicate it exactly and get the same outcome

3

Francis Bacon

Believed that one should experiment, then draw conclusions (experimental method). Came up with Inductive reasoning.

4

Rene Descartes

Developed analytical geometry. Relied on mathematics and logic; everything should be doubted until proved by reason. "I think, therefore I am."

5

Nicolaus Copernicus

Brought back the idea that the stars, the earth, and other planets revolved around the sun. (Heliocentric theory)

6

Isaac Newton

Came up with the idea of gravity.

7

heliocentric theory

The idea that the Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.

8

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

Used microscope to observe bacteria swimming in tooth scrapings. Also examined red blood cells for the first time.

9

Johannes Kepler

Concluded that certain mathematical laws govern planetary motion; planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles. The laws demonstrated that the planets revolve around the sun.

10

Galileo Galilei

Italian scientist; found mountains on the moon with his telescope; found the sun had sun spots; discovered jupiter has four moons.

11

Robert Boyle

The founder of modern chemistry. Boyle's law explains how the volume, temperature, and pressure of gas affect each other.

12

Andreas Vesalius

Flemish physician; proved Galen wrong by dissecting a human corpse and tied them to tress. Published a book, On the Structure of the Human Body, that was filled with detailed drawings of human organs, bones, and muscle.

13

Edward Jenner

British physician; introduced a vaccine to prevent smallpox that used cowpox germs.

14

Skepticism

a philosophy based on the idea that nothing is known for certain

15

Inquisition

a Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy–especially the one active in Spain during the 1400s.