INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Antibiotics and Microbes Flashcards Preview

Year 3 Medicine Block > INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Antibiotics and Microbes > Flashcards

Flashcards in INFECTIOUS DISEASES: Antibiotics and Microbes Deck (13)
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1
Q
A
2
Q

Name Gram +ve cocci

A

SSE
S Staphylococcus
S Streptococcus
E Enterococcus

3
Q

Name Gram +ve bacilli/rods

A

Corny Mike’s List of Basic Cars
Corneybacteria
Mycobacteria
Listeria
Bacillus
Nocardia

4
Q

Name Gram +ve anaerobes

A

CLAP
Clostridium
Lactobacillus
Actinomyces
Propionibacterium

5
Q

Name Gram -ve cocci

A

NNM
Neisseria Meningitis
Neisseria gonorrhoea
Moraxella catarrhalis

6
Q

Name Gram -ve bacilli/rods

A

Escherichia coli
Klebsiella pnuemoniae
Pseudomonas aeruginosa

7
Q

Name Gram -ve coccobacilli

A

Haemophillus influenza

8
Q

Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial cell wall synthesis?

A

Penicillin
Carbapenems
Cephalosporin
Vancomycin
Teicoplanin

9
Q

Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial folic acid synthesis?

A

Trimethoprim
Sulfamethoxazole

10
Q

Abx that stops bacterial nucleic acid synthesis ?

A

Metronidazole (v good for anaerobes)

11
Q

Abx that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis ?

A

Macrolides
Clindamycin
Tetracyclines e.g. Doxyclycline
Gentamicin

12
Q

How to prescibe abx?

Mnemonic GRASP

A

G- guidelines
R- renal function/ liver function
A- allergies
S-sentivities
P- previous abx

13
Q

How to look at drug chart?

PRESCRIBER mnemonic

A

P- patient details: name, DOB
Re- allergic reactions- check and ask, what happens
S- Signature (prescription not valid otherwise)
C- contraindication- use BNF
R- Route
I- indication + duration
B- blood clots- VTE risk assessment
E- anti-Emetics
R- pain Relief

FYI generic name of drug and when to review/ stop- 48 hours if not sure

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