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Year 3 Medicine Block > RENAL:Misc > Flashcards

Flashcards in RENAL:Misc Deck (8)
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1
Q
A
2
Q

What metabolic abnormality does alcohol poisoning cause?

A

Raised anion gap metabolic acidosis

3
Q

What metabolic abnormality Renal tubular acidosis cause?

A

Normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

4
Q

What metabolic abnormality does renal failure cause?

A

Raised anion gap metabolic acidosis

5
Q

Drugs that cause acute interstitial nephritis?

A

Penicillin
Rifampicin
NSAIDS
Allopurinol
furosemide

6
Q

What is Osteitis Fibrosa?
1. give the features
2. Give symptoms

A

Features:
* loss of bone mass
* weakening of bones and calcified structures - this is replaced with fibrous tissue (peritrabecular fibrosis)
* formation of small cyst-like brown tumours

Symptoms:
* Bone pain
* tenderness
* fractures
* skeletal deformities

7
Q

What causes Osteotits fibrosa cystica?

A

Cause: Unchecked hyperparathyroidism
* overproduction of PTH
* PTH causes Ca release from bones - blood - reabsorption of calcium in kidney
* this results in hypercalcaemia

8
Q

What conditions might lead a pt to develop hyperparathyroidism and therefore develop a complication such as Osteitis fibrosa cystica ?

A
  • Parathyroid adenoma (majority)
  • Genetics -( i.e. familiar hyperarathyroidsim, MEN type 1)
  • Parathyroid carcinoma
  • Renal - End stage renal disease

Decks in Year 3 Medicine Block Class (56):