Inflammation and Tissue Repair Flashcards Preview

DPT 623 Physical Agents > Inflammation and Tissue Repair > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inflammation and Tissue Repair Deck (22)
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1

What are the 5 cardinal signs of inflammation?

Calor-heat
Rubor-redness
Dolor-pain
Tumor-swelling
Loss of function

2

True or False: Vasoconstriction is defined as the constriction of damaged vessels to decrease blood loss mediated by norepinephrine

True

3

True or False: Within the cellular response of the inflammatory phase, RBCs(red blood cells) play a major role in inflammation.

False
White blood cells play a major role in wound debridement and phagocytosis.

4

What are the two major roles of the proliferation phase?

1. Rebuilding the damaged structure
2. Strengthening the wound

5

During the hemostatic response of the inflammatory phase, platelets bind to collagen and release what?

Fibrin

6

During the inflammatory phase, what it the only source of tensile strength?

Fibrin

7

Vasodialation increase of decreases cell permeability.

Increases

8

The purpose of the maturation phase of inflammation is to...

Modify scar tissue into its mature form

9

What is the suffix for inflammation?

-itis

10

The immune response of the inflammatory phase is mediated by what two factors?

Humoral and cellular

11

According to the gate control theory, pain is modulated at what level by inhibitory effects of innocuous afferent input?

Spinal cord level

12

What peptides, previously known as endorphins, control pain by binding to specific opiate receptors in the nervous system?

Opiopeptins

13

When evaluating a patient's pain, the assessment should include which aspects of the pain?

1. Causes and sources of pain
2. Intensity and duration of pain
3. Degree to which the pain affects their function, activity, and participation

14

Which pain assessment tools are best used for a quick estimate of pain severity?

Visual analog scale
Numeric pain scale

15

Which pain assessment tool should be used to obtain a detailed pain description?

Semantic differential pain scale

16

In selecting which assessment to use to measure pain what should you consider?

1. Symptom duration
2. Patient's cognitive abilities
3. The time needed to assess the patient's report of pain

17

The primary intervention used to alleviate pain, although not always the most appropriate, is the administration of what?

Pharmacological agents

18

What is the method used to allow patients to self-administer small, repeated intravenous doses of opioids through a pump?

Patient-controlled analgesia

19

Which physical agent controls acute pain by reducing the metabolic rate and thus reducing the production and release of inflammatory mediators such as serotonin and histamine?

Cryotherapy

20

What type of program attempts to address not only the physical and physiological aspects of the patient's pain, but also the behavioral, cognitive-affective, and environmental factors contributing to their symptoms by the use of medical, psychological, and physical interventions?

Multidisciplinary pain treatment programs

21

What has both analgesic and antiinflammatory properties that can therefore relieve pain from both inflammatory and noninflammatory sources?

NSAIDs - Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs

22

What pharmacological agent is useful for patients who cannot tolerate NSAIDs because of gastric irritation or when prolonged bleeding time caused by NSAIDs would be a disadvantage?

Acetaminophen (Tylenol)