Flashcards in Inflammation and Tissue Repair Deck (22)
What are the 5 cardinal signs of inflammation?
Loss of function
True or False: Vasoconstriction is defined as the constriction of damaged vessels to decrease blood loss mediated by norepinephrine
True or False: Within the cellular response of the inflammatory phase, RBCs(red blood cells) play a major role in inflammation.
White blood cells play a major role in wound debridement and phagocytosis.
What are the two major roles of the proliferation phase?
1. Rebuilding the damaged structure
2. Strengthening the wound
During the hemostatic response of the inflammatory phase, platelets bind to collagen and release what?
During the inflammatory phase, what it the only source of tensile strength?
Vasodialation increase of decreases cell permeability.
The purpose of the maturation phase of inflammation is to...
Modify scar tissue into its mature form
What is the suffix for inflammation?
The immune response of the inflammatory phase is mediated by what two factors?
Humoral and cellular
According to the gate control theory, pain is modulated at what level by inhibitory effects of innocuous afferent input?
Spinal cord level
What peptides, previously known as endorphins, control pain by binding to specific opiate receptors in the nervous system?
When evaluating a patient's pain, the assessment should include which aspects of the pain?
1. Causes and sources of pain
2. Intensity and duration of pain
3. Degree to which the pain affects their function, activity, and participation
Which pain assessment tools are best used for a quick estimate of pain severity?
Visual analog scale
Numeric pain scale
Which pain assessment tool should be used to obtain a detailed pain description?
Semantic differential pain scale
In selecting which assessment to use to measure pain what should you consider?
1. Symptom duration
2. Patient's cognitive abilities
3. The time needed to assess the patient's report of pain
The primary intervention used to alleviate pain, although not always the most appropriate, is the administration of what?
What is the method used to allow patients to self-administer small, repeated intravenous doses of opioids through a pump?
Which physical agent controls acute pain by reducing the metabolic rate and thus reducing the production and release of inflammatory mediators such as serotonin and histamine?
What type of program attempts to address not only the physical and physiological aspects of the patient's pain, but also the behavioral, cognitive-affective, and environmental factors contributing to their symptoms by the use of medical, psychological, and physical interventions?
Multidisciplinary pain treatment programs
What has both analgesic and antiinflammatory properties that can therefore relieve pain from both inflammatory and noninflammatory sources?
NSAIDs - Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs