Intro to Phys. Agents Flashcards Preview

DPT 623 Physical Agents > Intro to Phys. Agents > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Phys. Agents Deck (70)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which level of the ICF model do physical agents have direct effects on?

Body functions and structures

2

What is a physical agent?

Various forms of energy and materials applied to patients to assist in their rehabilitation.

3

What are the 3 categories of Physical Agents?

Thermal, Mechanical, Electromagnetic

4

What is a thermal agent? and what types are there?

Transfer energy to produce an increase or decrease in tissue temperature. Superficial Heating, Deep Heating, Cooling

5

What are examples of thermal agents?

Hot pack, Diathermy, Laser, Ice pack, Ice massage

6

What is a mechanical agent?

Apply mechanical force to increase or decrease pressure in or on the body.

7

What are some types of mechanical agents?

Traction, Compression, Water, Sound

8

What are specific electromagnetic energy modalities?

-Shortwave Diathermy
-Microwave Diathermy
-Infrared Lamps
-Ultraviolet Therapy
-Low-power Laser

9

What are specific energy modalities?

-Thermotherapy
-Cryotherapy

10

What are specific electrical energy?

-Electrical Stimulating Currents
-Biofeedback
-Iontophoresis

11

What are specific sound energy modalities?

-Ultrasound
-Phonophoresis
-Extracorporeal Shockwave -Therapy

12

What are specific mechanical engr. modalities?

-Intermittent Compression
-Traction
-Massage

13

Effective agents to clean open wound in initial injury?

-Hydrotherapy

14

Effective agents to prevent further injury or bleeding in initial injury?

-Static compression
-Cryotherapy

15

Contraindicated agents for initial injury of tissue healing?

*Exercise
*Intermittent Traction
*Motor Level ES
*Thermotherapy

16

Effective agents to prevent or decrease joint stiffness in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?

*Thermotherapy
*Motor ES
*Whirlpool
*Fluidotherapy

17

Effective agents to control pain in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?

*Thermotherapy
*ES
*Laser

18

Effective agents to increase circulation in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?

*Thermotherapy
*ES
*Compression
*Hydrotherapy

19

Effective agents to progress to the proliferation stage for the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?

*Pulsed US
*ES
*PSWD

20

Contraindicated agents for chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?

*Cryotherapy

21

Effective agents to regain or maintain strength in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?

*Motor ES
*Aquatics

22

Effective agents to regain or maintain flexibility in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?

Thermotherapy

23

Effective agents to control scar tissue formation in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?

*Brief ice massage
*Compression

24

Contraindicated agents for remodeling stage of tissue healing?

immobilization

25

What are clinical examples of mechanical agents?

Traction (cervical,lumbar, table, waterbag, etc.), Game Ready, Hydrotherapy, Ultrasound, Phonophoresis

26

What is an electromagnetic agent?

Apply electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation or an electrical current.

27

What are some types of electromagnetic agents?

electromagnetic energy, electrical currents

28

How does electromagnetic energy work?

Vary the frequency and intensity to produce desired treatment effects.

29

How do electrical currents work?

Vary waveform, intensity, duration and direction of current flow to produce desired treatment effects.

30

What are some clinical examples of Electromagnetic Agents?

Premodulated e-stim, Interferential current, Russian (form of NMES)