Flashcards in Intro to Phys. Agents Deck (70)
Which level of the ICF model do physical agents have direct effects on?
Body functions and structures
What is a physical agent?
Various forms of energy and materials applied to patients to assist in their rehabilitation.
What are the 3 categories of Physical Agents?
Thermal, Mechanical, Electromagnetic
What is a thermal agent? and what types are there?
Transfer energy to produce an increase or decrease in tissue temperature. Superficial Heating, Deep Heating, Cooling
What are examples of thermal agents?
Hot pack, Diathermy, Laser, Ice pack, Ice massage
What is a mechanical agent?
Apply mechanical force to increase or decrease pressure in or on the body.
What are some types of mechanical agents?
Traction, Compression, Water, Sound
What are specific electromagnetic energy modalities?
What are specific energy modalities?
What are specific electrical energy?
-Electrical Stimulating Currents
What are specific sound energy modalities?
-Extracorporeal Shockwave -Therapy
What are specific mechanical engr. modalities?
Effective agents to clean open wound in initial injury?
Effective agents to prevent further injury or bleeding in initial injury?
Contraindicated agents for initial injury of tissue healing?
*Motor Level ES
Effective agents to prevent or decrease joint stiffness in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to control pain in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to increase circulation in the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to progress to the proliferation stage for the chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?
Contraindicated agents for chronic inflammation stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to regain or maintain strength in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to regain or maintain flexibility in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?
Effective agents to control scar tissue formation in the remodeling stage of tissue healing?
*Brief ice massage
Contraindicated agents for remodeling stage of tissue healing?
What are clinical examples of mechanical agents?
Traction (cervical,lumbar, table, waterbag, etc.), Game Ready, Hydrotherapy, Ultrasound, Phonophoresis
What is an electromagnetic agent?
Apply electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation or an electrical current.
What are some types of electromagnetic agents?
electromagnetic energy, electrical currents
How does electromagnetic energy work?
Vary the frequency and intensity to produce desired treatment effects.
How do electrical currents work?
Vary waveform, intensity, duration and direction of current flow to produce desired treatment effects.