Flashcards in Aquatic Therapy Deck (22)
True or False:
Patients with chronic pain are good candidates for aquatic therapy.
What are the physical properties of water?
- Surface tension
- Hydrostatic pressure
Which of the following is NOT a contraindication to aquatic therapy?
A) History of seizures
B) Fear of water
C) Open wounds
What is one disadvantage of aquatic therapy?
What are some safety requirements for an aquatic therapy environment?
- Ramps or low steps to enter and exit pool
- Adequate lighting
- Non-slip flooring
- Handrails throughout facility
- Lifting devices
How should water rehabilitation programs be designed?
Water rehabilitation programs should be designed so that compensatory motions do not cause problems in other areas
What does the higher viscosity of water do?
Higher viscosity of water makes the muscles work harder when compared to the same exercises on land
What is viscosity?
Water molecules stick together when you try to move through them
What is Archimedes' principle?
The upward buoyant force exerted on a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces
What are three characteristics that affect buoyancy?
- Body composition
- Bone density
- Air in lungs
What is aquatic physical therapy?
the evidence-based and skilled practice of physical therapy in an aquatic environment
What kind of interventions are used in Aquatic PT?
therapeutic exercise, functional training, manual therapy, breathing strategies, electrotherapeutic modalities, physical agents and mechanical modalities using the properties of water and techniques unique to the aquatic environment
How long can a physical therapist be in the water for?
four continuous hours per day dependent upon the situation and individual (considering water temperature, water and air chemistry, and personal medical factors)
What is the general guidelines of pool temperatures for more active patient and patients with MS?
What is the general guideline of pool temperatures for less active patients such as those with arthritis or women?
What is the general guideline of pool temperatures for less active patients with hypertonicity/spasticity issues?
What is buoyancy?
Upward force generated by the volume of water displaced.
What are some benefits of aquatic therapy?
-increased blood supply in muscles
-Promotes inhibition of spastic muscles by decreasing gamma fiber activity
-Prepares connective tissues for stretching
-Improves flexibility as muscles are able to work through a greater ROM when supported by water
What is hydrostatic pressure?
-the force exerted on the immersed body by fluid molecules
When the body is emerged 60 inches deep, how much is weight bearing on the lower extremities reduced?
-by 88% to 95%
What are the effects of hydrostatic pressure?
-displaces venous blood proximally
-increases cardiac volume
-increases stroke volume and cardiac output