Integumentary System (Chapter 4) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Integumentary System (Chapter 4) Deck (94):
1

skin wound caused by scraping

abrasion

2

collection of pus from a localized infection

abscess

3

loss or lack of scalp hair AKA baldness

alopecia

4

local uneven surface of skin caused by fat deposition, usually in thighs & buttocks

cellulite

5

scar

cicatrix

6

elevated lesion formed from buildup of sebum & keratin AKA blackhead

comedo

7

injury to the skin that causes discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin surface AKA bruise

contusion

8

closed sac or pouch that contains fluid

cyst

9

profuse sweating

diaphoresis

10

swelling caused by accumulation of fluid

edema

11

redness of the skin

erythema

12

narrow break or slit in the skin

fissure

13

localized skin infection originating from a hair follicle AKA boil

furuncle

14

formation of local hard areas on the skin or elsewhere

induration

15

abnormal yellow coloring of skin AKA xanthoderma

jaundice

16

overgrowth of scar tissue

keloid

17

torn or jagged wound

laceration

18

change in tissues due to disease or injury

lesion

19

discolored flat spot (ex. freckle)

macule

20

circumscribed, pigmented area, mole, or birth mark

nevus

21

abnormal lack of skin color; paleness

pallor

22

small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation AKA pimple

papule

23

pinpoint skin hemorrhage (break of blood vessels)

petechia

24

symptom of intense itching

pruritus

25

purple-red discoloration resulting from hemorrhage into the skin

purpura

26

small circumscribed skin elevation that contains pus

pustule

27

eroded lesion of the skin or mucous membrane

ulcer

28

skin eruption usually caused by an allergic reaction to foods, infection, or injury AKA hives

urticaria

29

small circumscribed skin elevation caused by a virus AKA wart

verruca

30

small elevation of epidermis containing fluid AKA blister

vesicle

31

temporary itchy elevation of the skin w/ a white center & red perimeter AKA welt

wheal

32

inflammatory eruption of skin caused by bacterial infection of sebaceous glands & ducts

acne

33

precancerous skin condition caused by exposure to sunlight & marked by overgrowths of outer epidermal layer

actinic keratosis

34

genetic condition characterized by lack or reduction of melanin

albinism

35

BCC: tumor that arises from epithelium of the epidermis & rarely metastasizes

basal cell carcinoma

36

injury to skin caused by exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, radiation, light, or friction - severity classified based on depth of injury (partial thickness - superficial, partial thickness - deep, or full thickness) & amount of surface area burned (Rule of Nines)

burn

37

skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by Staphylococcus bacteria (staph infection)

carbuncle

38

inflammation of skin originating from an infection of connective tissue w/in the dermis

cellulitis

39

skin sore caused by pressure or immobility while lying down AKA bedsore

decubitus ulcer

40

inflammation of the skin

dermatitis

41

fibrous tumor of the skin

dermatofibroma

42

purplish patch on the skin caused by leaking blood vessels

ecchymosis

43

inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scaling, and sensations of itching & burning

eczema

44

abnormal redness of skin

erythroderma

45

tissue death & decay caused by loss or reduction of blood supply

gangrene

46

skin eruption characterized by clusters of deep blisters that appear periodically; caused by Herpesvirus family

herpes

47

inflammation of a sweat gland

hidradenitis

48

excessive perspiration

hyperhidrosis

49

contagious skin infection characterized by blisters that later form a yellowish crust

impetigo

50

form of skin cancer characterized by the formation of purple or brown patches on the skin that spread by way of lymphatics (sign of AIDS)

Kaposi's sarcoma

51

abnormally smooth skin

leioderma

52

abnormally light-colored skin

leukoderma

53

malignant skin tumor that arises from melanocytes (pigmented cells)

melanoma

54

disease-related death of tissue

necrosis

55

ingrown nail

onychocryptosis

56

softening of nails

onychomalacia

57

fungal infection of nails

onychomycosis

58

abnormal behavior of nail biting or eating

onychophagia

59

abnormal thickening of skin

pachyderma

60

infection along the nail

paronychia

61

infestation of hair & skin with lice

pediculosis

62

chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions covered with silvery scales

psoriasis

63

skin eruption caused by the female itch mite that burrows into the skin to extract blood - mild dermatitis (swelling, itching, redness)

scabies

64

thickening of skin caused by swelling & thickening of fibrous connective tissue

scleroderma

65

sebaceous gland hyperactivity resulting in discharge of sebum

seborrhea

66

SqCCa: skin cancer that arises from the epidermis that appears as a firm, red elevation with scales that grows relatively slowly but can metastasize in later stages

squamous cell carcinoma

67

SLE/lupus: chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue affecting skin & other organs characterized by red patches on the face & joint pain in early stages

systemic lupus erythematosus

68

fungal infection of skin AKA ringworm

tinea

69

fungus on hair surface

trichomycosis

70

condition in which a loss of pigment-producing cells results in whitish areas of skin

vitiligo

71

abnormally dry skin

xeroderma

72

bx: surgical removal of tissue for evaluation - several different methods: excisional (cutting tissue out), incisional (cutting into skin), shave (scraping skin to remove a sample)

biopsy

73

removal of diseased or dead tissue & foreign matter from a wound

debridement

74

removal of skin scars w/ abrasives, such as sandpaper

dermabrasion

75

surgical repair that uses the patient's skin for a skin graft AKA autograft

dermatoautoplasty

76

surgical repair that uses skin from a source other than the patient for a skin graft AKA allograft

dermatoheteroplasty

77

physician who specializes in disease & treatment of skin

dermatologist

78

medical field that specializes in disease & treatment of skin

dermatology

79

instrument used to cut skin

dermatome

80

surgical repair of skin

dermatoplasty

81

agent that softens or smoothes skin

emollient

82

procedure involving the subcutaneous area (below skin)

hypodermic

83

excision of a nail

onychectomy

84

pertaining to through the skin

percutaneous

85

excision of wrinkles

rhytidectomy

86

surgical repair of wrinkles

rhytidoplasty

87

inhibit pain

anesthetics

88

kill bacteria as antiseptic

antibiotics

89

kill fungi as antiseptic

antifungals

90

kill arthropod parasites (mites, lice)

antiparasitics

91

reduce itching & inflammation

antipruritics

92

kill bacteria in wounds

antiseptics

93

inactivate viruses

antivirals

94

reduce inflammation

corticosteroid creams