Special Senses: The Ears (Chapter 8) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Special Senses: The Ears (Chapter 8) Deck (35):
1

total hearing loss

anacusis

2

overly sensitive hearing

hyperacusis

3

pain in the ear, earache

otalgia

4

bleeding, or hemorrhage, from the ear

otorrhagia

5

abnormal drainage from the ear

otorrhea

6

partial loss of or impaired hearing

paracusis

7

ringing or buzzing sensation in the ears

tinnitus

8

sensation of dizziness

vertigo

9

benign tumor that arises from the auditory nerve; may cause hearing impairment

acoustic neuroma

10

excessive buildup of earwax in the external auditory canal

cerumen impaction

11

inflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)

labyrinthitis

12

inflammation of the mastoid process & associated tissues

mastoiditis

13

chronic disease of inner ear that includes symptoms of dizziness & ringing in the ears

Meniere's disease

14

inflammation of the eardrum AKA tympanitis

myringitis

15

inflammation of the external auditory canal

otitis externa

16

OM: inflammation of the middle ear

otitis media

17

any disease of the ear

otopathy

18

abnormal formation of bone between the stapes & the oval window; causes progressive hearing loss

otosclerosis

19

hearing impairment associated w/ old age

presbyacusis

20

procedure that measures hearing using an instrument called an acoumeter

acoumetry

21

one who specializes in hearing disorders & treatment

audiologist

22

study of hearing disorders

audiology

23

procedure that measures hearing using an audiometer; a recording of the measurement is called an audiogram

audiometry

24

excision of the labyrinth from the temporal bone

labyrinthectomy

25

excision of the mastoid process, which involves removing the air cells from within the mastoid process by cutting or drilling away the bony interconnections

mastoidectomy

26

incision into the mastoid process

mastoidotomy

27

surgical repair of the tympanic membrane

myringoplasty

28

incision into the tympanic membrane, usually to release pus & relieve pressure in the middle ear; sometimes temporary tubes are inserted during this procedure to reduce middle-ear pressure

myringotomy

29

medical field of ear disorders & treatment

otology

30

physician who specializes in the treatment of ear, nose, & throat disorders (ENT)

otorhinolaryngologist

31

field of medicine that manages disorders of the ear, nose, & throat

otorhinolaryngology

32

visual examination of the ear using a handheld device called an otoscope

otoscopy

33

excision of the stapes; often performed to restore hearing & may involve replacement of the stapes w/ a prosthesis

stapedectomy

34

procedure that evaluates tympanic-membrane elasticity by measuring its movement w/ an instrument called a tympanometer

tympanometry

35

surgical repair of the tympanic membrane

tympanoplasty