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Flashcards in Root Words/Combining Forms Deck (363):
1

abdomin/o

abdomen, abdominal cavity

2

abras/o

to rub away

3

acid/o

solution or substance w/ pH less than 7

4

acou/o; acoust/o

hearing

5

acr/o

extremity

6

aden/o

gland

7

albumin/o

albumin (protein)

8

alges/o

pain

9

alveol/o

air sac, alveolus

10

amni/o; amnion/o

amnion, amniotic fluid

11

an/o

anus

12

andr/o

male

13

angi/o; angin/o

blood vessel

14

ankyl/o

fused, not straight

15

anter/o; anteri/o

front

16

aort/o

aorta

17

append/o

hang onto, appendix

18

aracn/o

spider

19

arter/o; arteri/o

artery

20

asthen/o

weakness

21

atel/o

incomplete

22

ather/o

fat

23

atri/o

atrium

24

aud/o; audi/o

hearing

25

aur/o

ear

26

aut/o

self

27

azot/o

urea, nitrogen

28

bacter/o; bacteri/o

bacteria

29

balan/o

glans penis

30

bi/o

life

31

bil/i

bile

32

blast/o

germ, bud, developing cell

33

blephar/o

eyelid

34

brachi/o

arm

35

bronch/i; bronch/o

airway, bronchus

36

burs/o

purse or sac, bursa

37

calc/i

calcium

38

carcin/o

cancer

39

card/o; cardi/o

heart

40

carp/o

wrist

41

cartil/o

gristle, cartilage

42

caud/o

tail

43

cec/o

blind intestine, cecum

44

cel/o

hernia, protrustion

45

celi/o

abdomen, abdominal cavity

46

cellul/o

small chamber

47

cephal/o

head

48

cerebell/o

cerebellum, little brain

49

cerebr/o

brain, cerebrum

50

cervic/o

cervix, neck

51

cheil/o

lip

52

chem/o

chemistry

53

chir/o

hand

54

chol/e

bile, gall

55

choledoch/o

common bile duct

56

chondr/o; chondri/o

gristle, cartilage

57

chori/o

membrane, chorion

58

chrom/o; chromat/o

color

59

chron/o

time

60

cirrh/o

orange

61

col/o; colon/o

colon

62

colp/o

vagina

63

con/i

dust

64

condyl/o

knuckle of a joint

65

conjunctiv/o

to bind together, conjunctiva

66

cor/o; core/o

pupil

67

corne/o

horny, cornea

68

coron/o

crown, circle, heart

69

cortic/o

tree bark, outer covering, cortex

70

cost/o

rib

71

cran/o; crani/o

skull, cranium

72

crin/o

to secrete

73

crypt/o

hidden

74

culd/o

cul-de-sac

75

cutane/o

skin

76

cyan/o

blue

77

cyst/o

bladder, sac

78

cyt/o

cell

79

dacry/o

tear

80

dent/o

teeth

81

derm/o; dermat/o

skin

82

dipl/o

double

83

dips/o

thirst

84

disk/o

flat shape, intervertebral disk

85

dist/o

away

86

diverticul/o

small blind pouch, diverticulum

87

dors/o

back

88

duct/o

lead, move

89

duoden/o

twelve, duodenum

90

dur/o

hard

91

ech/o

to bounce, sound

92

elast/o

change shape

93

electr/o

electricity

94

embol/o

a plug

95

embry/o

embryo

96

emmetr/o

according to measure

97

encephal/o

brain

98

enter/o

small intestine

99

epididym/o

epididymus

100

episi/o

vulva

101

eryth/o; erythr/o

red

102

esophag/e; esophag/o

gullet, esophagus

103

eti/o

cause (of disease)

104

fasci/o

fascia

105

femor/o

thigh

106

fet/o

fetus

107

fibr/o

fiber

108

fibul/o

clasp or buckle, fibula

109

flex/o

bend

110

fung/o

fungus

111

gangli/o; ganglion/o

knot, swelling

112

gastr/o

stomach

113

gen/o; gene/o

formation, cause, produce

114

ger/o; geront/o

old age

115

gingiv/o

gums

116

gli/o

glue, neuroglia

117

glomerul/o

little ball, glomerulus

118

gloss/o

tongue

119

glott/o

opening into the windpipe

120

gluc/o

glucose, sugar, sweet

121

glut/o

buttock

122

glyc/o; glycos/o

glycogen, glucose, sugar, sweet

123

gnos/o

knowledge

124

gravid/o; gravidar/o

pregnancy

125

gyn/o; gynec/o

woman

126

halit/o

breath

127

hem/o; hemat/o

blood

128

hemorrh/o

likely to bleed

129

hepat/o

liver

130

hern/o; herni/o

rupture or protrusion through weakened membrane or wall

131

heter/o

other

132

hidr/o

sweat

133

hist/o

tissue

134

hom/o; home/o

sameness, unchanging

135

hormon/o

to set in motion

136

hydr/o

water

137

hyster/o

uterus

138

iatr/o; iatri/o

to heal

139

idi/o

person, self

140

ile/o

to roll, ileum

141

ili/o

flank, hip, groin

142

immun/o

exempt, immunity

143

infect/o

to enter, invade

144

infer/o; inferi/o

below

145

inguin/o

groin

146

ir/o; irid/o

rainbow, iris

147

isch/o

to hold back, deficiency, blockage

148

ischi/o

haunch, hip joint, ischium

149

jejun/o

empty, jejunum

150

kal/i

potassium

151

kerat/o

hard, horny tissue

152

ket/o; keton/o

ketone bodies

153

kinesi/o

motion

154

kyph/o

hump

155

labyrinth/o

maze, inner ear

156

lacrim/o

tear

157

lact/o

milk

158

lamin/o

thin, lamina

159

lapar/o

abdomen

160

laryng/o

voice box, larynx

161

later/o

side

162

lei/o

smooth

163

leuk/o

white

164

lingu/o

tongue

165

lip/o

fat, lipid

166

lith/o

stone

167

lob/o

a rounded part, lobe

168

lord/o

bent forward

169

lumb/o

loin, lower back

170

lymph/o

clear water or fluid

171

lys/o

break apart, dissolution

172

mal/o

bad

173

mamm/o

breast

174

man/o

thin

175

mast/o

breast

176

maxill/o

upper jaw bone

177

meat/o

opening, passage

178

medi/o

middle

179

melan/o

dark, black

180

men/o; menstru/o

month, menstruation

181

mening/i; mening/o

membrane, meninges

182

menisc/o; menisci/o

crescent-shaped moon, meniscus

183

ment/o

mind

184

metr/i; metr/o

uterus

185

mon/o

one

186

muc/o; myx/o

mucus

187

my/o; myos/o

muscle

188

myc/o

fungus

189

myel/o; myelon/o

bone marrow; spinal cord, medulla, myelin sheath

190

myring/o

membrane, eardrum

191

narc/o

numbness

192

nas/o

nose

193

nat/o

birth

194

natr/o

sodium

195

necr/o

death

196

nephr/o

kidney

197

neur/o

sinew or cord, nerve; fascia

198

noct/o

night

199

nucl/o; nucle/o

kernel, nucleus

200

nyct/o; nyctal/o

night, nocturnal

201

obstetr/o

midwife, prenatal development

202

ocul/o

eye

203

olig/o

few in number

204

omphal/o

umbilicus (navel)

205

onc/o

tumor

206

onych/o

nail

207

oophor/o

ovary

208

ophthalm/o

eye

209

opt/o

eye, vision

210

or/o

mouth

211

orch/o; orchi/o; orchid/o

testis, testicle

212

organ/o

tool

213

orth/o

straight, normal

214

oste/o

bone

215

ot/o

ear

216

ov/o

egg

217

ovari/o

ovary

218

ox/i

oxygen

219

pachy/o

thick

220

palat/o

roof of the mouth, palate

221

pancreat/o

sweetbread, pancreas

222

par/o

parturition or labor

223

pariet/o

wall

224

patell/o

small pan, patella

225

path/o

disease

226

pector/o

chest

227

ped/o; pediatr/o

child

228

pedicul/o

body louse

229

pelv/i; pelv/o

pelvis, washbasin

230

pen/o

penis

231

peps/o; pept/o

digestion

232

perine/o

perineum

233

peritone/o

to stretch over, peritoneum

234

petr/o

stone

235

phac/o

lens

236

phag/o

eat, swallow

237

phak/o

lens

238

phalang/o

row of soldiers, phalanx

239

pharyng/o

throat, pharynx

240

phas/o; phasi/o

speech

241

phleb/o

vein

242

phot/o

light

243

phragm/o; phragmat/o

partition

244

physi/o

nature

245

physis/o

growth

246

plas/o

change

247

plegi/o

paralysis

248

pleur/o

rib, pleura

249

pneum/o; pneumat/o; pneumon/o

air, lung

250

pod/o

foot

251

poikil/o

irregular

252

poli/o

gray

253

polyp/o

a small growth, polyp

254

por/o

small hole

255

poster/o; posteri/o

back

256

presby/o

old age

257

prim/i

first

258

proct/o

rectum, anus

259

prostat/o

prostate gland

260

proxim/o

near

261

pseud/o

false

262

psych/o

mind

263

pub/o

grown up, pubis

264

puerper/i; puerper/o

childbirth

265

pulmon/o

lung

266

py/o

pus

267

pyel/o

renal pelvis

268

pylor/o

gatekeeper, pylorus

269

quadr/i; quadr/o

four

270

rachi/o

spine, vertebral column

271

radi/o

light energy, radiation; spoke of a wheel, radius

272

radic/o; radicul/o

nerve root

273

rect/o

straight, erect, rectum

274

ren/o

kidney

275

retin/o

net, retina

276

rhabd/o

rod

277

rheumat/o

discharge

278

rhin/o

nose

279

rhytid/o

wrinkle

280

rrhythm/o

repetition, rhythm

281

rubin/o

red pigment

282

sacr/o

sacred, sacrum

283

salping/o

tube (usually eustachian or fallopian)

284

sarc/o

flesh, meat

285

scler/o

thick, hard; sclera

286

scop/o

to view

287

scoli/o

curved

288

seb/o

sebum, oil

289

semin/o

seed, sperm

290

sept/o

wall, partition

291

septic/o

putrefying

292

sial/o

saliva

293

sigmoid/o

the letter S

294

sinus/o

cavity

295

skelet/o

dried up, skeleton

296

somat/o

body

297

somn/o

sleep

298

son/o

sound

299

spadias/o

rip, tear

300

spasm/o

sudden, involuntary muscle contraction

301

sperm/o; spermat/o

seed, sperm

302

sphygm/o; sphyx/o

pulse

303

spin/o

spine, thorn

304

spir/o

to breathe

305

splen/o

spleen

306

spondyl/o

vertebra

307

staped/o

stirrup, stapes

308

staphyl/o

grape-like clusters; Staphylococcus

309

steat/o

fat

310

sten/o

narrowness, constriction

311

stern/o

chest, sternum

312

steth/o

chest

313

stigmat/o

point

314

stomat/o

mouth

315

strept/o

twisted or gnarled; Streptococcus

316

super/o; superi/o

above

317

synov/o; synovi/o

binding of eggs, synovial

318

tars/o

flat surface, tarsum

319

tax/o; taxi/o

reaction to a stimulus

320

ten/o; tend/o; tendin/o

to stretch out, tendon

321

tens/o

pressure

322

test/o; testicul/o

testis, testicle

323

thalam/o

inner chamber, thalamus

324

thel/i

nipple

325

therm/o

heat

326

thorac/o

chest, thorax

327

thromb/o

clot

328

thym/o

wart-like, thymus gland

329

thyr/o

shield, thyroid

330

toc/o

birth, labor

331

tom/o

to cut

332

ton/o

tone, tension, pressure

333

tonsill/o

almond, tonsil

334

tox/o; toxic/o

poison

335

trache/o

windpipe, trachea

336

trachel/o

cervix, neck

337

trich/o

hair

338

tubercul/o

little mass or swelling

339

tympan/o

eardrum

340

umbilic/o

navel

341

ur/o

urine

342

ureter/o

ureter

343

urethr/o

urethra

344

urin/a; urin/o

urine

345

uter/o

womb, uterus

346

uvul/o

grape, uvula

347

vagin/o

sheath, vagina

348

vag/o

vagus nerve

349

valvul/o

little valve

350

varic/o

dilated vein

351

vas/o

blood vessel; duct

352

vascul/o

small blood vessel

353

ven/o

vein

354

ventr/o

front, belly

355

ventricul/o

little belly, cavity, ventricle

356

vers/o

turn

357

vertebr/o

joint, vertebra

358

vesic/o

vesicle, seminal vesicle

359

vir/o

virus

360

vitr/o; vitre/o

glassy

361

vulv/o

vulva

362

xer/o

dry

363

zo/o

animal