Intelligence Testing and Individual Differences Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Intelligence Testing and Individual Differences > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intelligence Testing and Individual Differences Deck (31):
1

Alfred Binet

Binet IQ Test

Used to track children into different school programs

Analytical ability
Memory
Problem solving

2

Louis Terman

Developed an equation for IQ

Standardized the IQ test and created norms

Chronological age divided by mental age times 100 equals your IQ

3

David Wechsler

WISC

Creates age group norms

Creates performance sections

4

Standardization

Consistent rules for how the test is administered and its given to a large group of people to create norms

5

Norms

Scores that are expected for each group of people taking the test

6

Reliability

A test measures consistently over time

7

Content validity

A test measures the material that it claims to measure

8

Predictive validity

A test accurately predicts what it claims to predict

9

Intellectual disability

A condition in which a persons mental capacity is low

10

PKU

A baby lacks a certain enzyme that processes chemicals in food

If found early enough can be treated

11

Microcephaly

Skull doesn't grow to normal size

Puts pressure on your brain and it can't grow

No cure

12

Hydrocephaly

Extra fluid build up around the brain

Puts pressure on the brain

Shunt - drains fluid out of the brain

13

Down syndrome

Extra 21st chromosome

Shorter fingers, protruding tongue, etc.

Age of the mother is a factor (35+)

Shorter life span

14

Fetal Alcohol syndrome

Teratogen

15

Timing of drinking

Early- cognitive delays

Late- physical abnormalities

16

Traumatic brain injury

Injury while you were alive

Without oxygen for a certain period of time

Car crash, many severe concussions

17

Charles Spearman

G-Factor Theory

Our intelligence can be communicated in a one number score

If you were smart in one thing you were smart in others

18

L.L. Thurstone

Clusters (7)

Traditional school oriented concepts

19

Howard Gardner

Multiple Intelligences (9)

Math/Logic
Verbal/Linguistic
Visual/Spacial
Etc...

20

Robert Sternberg

Triarchic theory

Creative

Analytical

Practical

21

Crystallized intelligence

Intelligence that gets better with age (gaining knowledge and wisdom)

22

Fluid Intelligence

Intelligence that gets worse with age (processing speed, problem solving)

23

Stanford-Binet

Second intelligence test

24

WAIS

An IQ test designed to measure intelligence and cognitive ability in adults and older adolescents

25

Savant Syndrome

When an individual with a developmental disability displays extra crazy cool capabilities of someone of their same age

26

Achievement test

A test of developed skill or knowledge

27

Aptitude test

Designed to see what a person is capable of doing

28

Emotional intelligence

The capability of someone to recognize someone else's or their own emotions

29

Flynn Effect

IQs are getting higher over time

30

Early intervention

If you work with a mentally impaired child early it will help development

31

Stereotype Threat

Self fulfilling prophecy for IQ

If girls think they're bad at math their test scores will be lower.