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AP Psych > Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Deck (48):
1

Sigmun Freud

Psycho dynamic theory

Freud's iceberg

2

Precocious

Thoughts that can be brought to mind easily by asking

3

Conscious

Thoughts we are currently "thinking" and aware of at any given moment

4

Unconscious

Repressed memories, traumas, anxieties, sexual and aggressive urges

5

Id, ego, Superego

Id- the devil

Superego- the angel

Ego- the mix between the two

6

Repression

Blocking out a memory of something that is upsetting or anxiety producing

7

Regression

Acting like a child, in reaction to something upsetting or anxiety producing

8

Reaction formation

Acting the opposite of how you feel about things to cover up your true feelings

9

Projection

Saying or assuming that someone else feels the way you actually feel

10

Rationalization

Making up an excuse to try to explain your behavior or your feelings

11

Displacement

Taking out your frustrations and anger on something or someone else that is less threatening

12

Sublimation

Taking out frustrations or urges in a socially acceptable way

13

Denial

Not accepting that bad news or a bad memory is real, pretending like it never happened

14

Identification

Acting like someone else that you look up to to protect yourself from your unwanted feelings

15

Mei-Freudians

Personality structure of Id, ego, Superego
Importance of unconscious
Importance of child hood
Anxiety and defense mechanisms

16

Adler

Inferiority complex

17

Inferiority complex

Cause by our need to take control of our own lives

Move from inferiority to superiority

18

Horney

Toward, against, or away in order to counter anxiety

19

Jung

Agreed that unconscious was important, but not the sexual and aggressive unconscious

20

Collective unconscious

Innate ideas and behaviors that all humans share

21

Archetypes

A collectively inherited thought or idea

22

Projective test

Contains open ended questions usually to ambiguous scenes and images

23

Rorschach inkblot test

A series of inkblot images in which the respondent is asked to identify what they see

24

Thematic Apperception Tests (TAT)

A series of ambiguous and vague pictures to which the respondent needs to add a story or information. Identifies personality traits or current concerns and anxieties.

25

Draw a person test

Draw a person

Evaluates cognitive ability or their personality based on what they draw

26

Abraham Maslow

Humanistic

Hierarchy of needs

27

Hierarchy of needs

Self actualization
Esteem
Love/belonging
Safety
Physiological

28

Rogers

Believed people were Genuine, accepting, and empathetic

UPR

29

Unconditional positive regard

People make mistakes but that doesn't mean they are a bad person

30

Real vs ideal self

Real- what you are

Ideal- what you want to be

31

Fully functioning individual

Mix between ideal and real self

32

Client ap entered therapy

Called a client not a patient and therapist serves as a guide

33

Albert Ellis

Cognitive theory

ABCs

34

ABCs

Activating event

Belief

Consequences

Our beliefs control our emotions

35

Beck

Learned helplessness

36

Internal and external locus of control

Internal- i am in control of what happens to me

External- forces outside of me such as Luck are in control of what happens to me

37

Bandura

Behavioral cognitive perspective

Reciprocal determinism

38

Reciprocal determinism

Personal/ cognitive component

Environment

Behavior

These influence our behavior

39

Individualist and collectivist culture

Individualist- does things for themselves

Collectivist- does things for the good of the group

40

Allport

Father of the trait theory

Identified 4000 personality traits and labeled them as central or secondary traits

41

Traits

Consistent and predictable patterns of behavior

42

Cattell

Took allport's list and created tests to identify his 16 main personality characteristics

43

Isabell and Katherine Briggs

Myers-Briggs personality inventory

Introversion vs. extroversion
Sensing vs. intuition
Thinking vs. feeling
Judgment vs. perception

44

Eyesnck

Personality driven out of genetics

Introversion vs. extroversion
Emotional stability vs instability
Psychoticism

45

Introversion vs extroversion

Introvert- more reserved

Extroversion- more outgoing

46

BFI Big five inventory

Contentiousness- aware of things around you
Agreeableness- flexible
Neuroticism- overly perfectionistic
Openness- how open are you to new ideas
Extroversion- not shy

CANOE

47

MMPI

567 true/false questions created to identify strengths, weaknesses, habits, fears, and mental problems

48

CPI

This test is made up of 434 true/false questions used to measure social and interactive characteristics of a "normal" person but NOT built to measure mental illness

Shares 194 questions with the MMPI