Stress and Motivation Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Stress and Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stress and Motivation Deck (55):
1

Distress

Major life change stressors (negative)

2

Eustress

A positive stressor

3

Hassles

Everyday constant nagging stressors

4

Uplifts

A good thing that happens to us that protects us from the impact of our stress

5

Approach-Approach

Two good options and you can't pick one

6

Avoidance-Avoidance

Two things you don't want to do but you have to pick one

7

Approach-Avoid

One decision to make but it has both pros and cons

8

Double approach avoid

Multiple options which each have pros and cons

9

Fight or flight response

Sympathetic, Epinephrine, adrenaline

Breathing rate up, pupils dislate, heart rate up

Digestive track slows down

10

General Adaptation Syndrome

Alarm (initial fight or flight response)

Resistance (fighting off or dealing with the stressor)

Exhaustion (when the stressor is finally gone we hit a stage of exhaustion)

11

Hans Selye

Created GAS

12

Tend to be friend

Reaching out to other people when you're stressed

13

Shelly Taylor

Stressed out participants than sent them into a waiting room

TEND TO BE FRIEND

14

SRRS

Social Re-Adjustment Rating Scale
Measures stress

Bad: doesn't take into account your coping techniques or your appraisal of stress

15

Type A

Perfectionist, has to have things their way, competitive, highly driven, sometimes rude and harsh

16

Type B

Easy going, spontaneous, laid back, flexible

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Optimistic explanatory style

Circumstances are temporary

Under our control

Specific to one event

18

Pessimistic explanatory style

Events are always your fault

Results are stable (the same) and global (effect on everything)

19

Problem based coping

We remove the source of our stress

Ex: dropping Spanish

20

Emotion focused coping

When we can't remove the source of our stress we should manage our emotions using effective coping techniques

21

James-Lange Theory

Event causes a physiological response, than a perceived emotion


Body reacts first then your mind

22

Cannon-Bard Theory

Event and then physiological response simultaneously a perceived emotion happens

Body and mind react at the same time

23

Two factor theory (schachter singer theory)

Event than physiological response as you thin about perceived emotion and then perceived emotion

Body reacts then you think about why, then perceived emotion

24

The cognitive appraisal theory (cognitive mediational theory)

Event then thought then emotion (possibly physiological response)

Event happens, than you think about it and decided wether it warrants a physiological response or not

25

Spillover effect

When one event cause an emotion and that emotion magnifies in events that follow

26

Robert Zajonc

Gave them subliminal messages and then did the experiment with the juice

More juice drank- positive mood

Less juice drank- negative mood

27

Low road

Emotion from the event then senses then amygdala

28

High road

Emotion from the event then the senses then the frontal lobe

29

Set point

Set weight point by your body

30

Basal metabolic rate

Your metabolism

31

Anorexia nerviosa

Don't eat

32

Bulimia nerviosa

Eat food than throw it up on purpose

33

Binge-eating disorder

Eat mass amounts of food in a single sitting

34

Lateral hypothalamus

Makes us feel hungry

35

Ventromedial hypothalamus

Makes us feel full

36

Orexin

Hypothalamus


Triggers hunger

37

Leptin

Fat cells

Increases metabolism and decreases hunger

38

Ghrelin

Stomach

Makes you hungry

39

Obestin

Stomach


Makes you feel full

40

Insulin

Pancreas

Controls your body's glucose levels

41

Polygraph

Lie detector

42

Facial expressions

Used to show how someone is feeling

43

Paul Eckman

Extensive research into facial expressions

44

Motivation

Your want to do something

45

Instinct theory

People are motivated by survival needs

46

Drive reduction theory

When we are in an uncomfortable state it creates a drive and we are motivated to relieve that drive

47

Homeostasis

Constant internal temperature

48

Incentive theory

We are motivated by rewards

Extrinsic motivation- have to do it

Intrinsic motivation- want to do it

49

Hierarchy of needs

(From bottom to top)

Physiological needs
Safety
Love and belonging
Self esteem
Self actualization

50

Glucose

A type of essential sugar in your body

51

Unit bias

The tendency for individuals to want to complete a unit of a given item or task

Ex: a portion of food no matter how big the size

52

Adaptation level phenomenon

The tendency to judge various stimuli and situations relative to those we have previously experienced

53

Relative deprivation

The experience of being deprived of something to which one believes to be entitled

54

Optimal arousal theory

Humans are motivated to maintain a comfortable level of arousal

55

Yerkes-Dodson Law

If there is too little stress or too much stress you will perform poorly, you need a median lvl of stress for optimal performance.