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AP Psych > Social Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Psychology Deck (61):
1

Internal/Dispositional Attribution

Reason for behavior is based on a personality trait

2

External/Situational Attribution

Reason for behavior is based on environment or something outside of your control

3

Fundamental attribution error

Our tendency to overestimate internal attributions for behavior

4

Actor-observer discrepancy

We have a tendency to give others internal attributions and ourself external attributions (Excuse)

5

Self-Serving Bias

When we're successful we give ourselves internal attributions, while when we fail we use external attributions

6

Blaming the victim

Tendency to give internal attribution to others, it's the fault of the person involved in the incident

7

Self-effacing (Modesty Bias)

When you're successful you give external attributions while when you fail you give internal attributions (being hard on yourself when you fail, but modest when you succeed)

8

Social facilitation

Often we do better or improve our performance when working with or being observed by a group

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Social inhibition

When we perform worse when working with or being observed by a group

10

Social Loafing

When working with a group a person doesn't try as hard because they know others will

11

Group polarization

With a group of like minded individuals your opinions become more extreme

12

Group think

When we go along with a group even though we do not agree with them

13

Social trap

When everyone does what's best for themselves and it ends up hurting the group

14

Normative social influence

Conform to something because you want to fit it

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Informational social influence

Conform because you believe the group is right

16

Norms

Unspoken social expectations

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Culture

A belief you have that is influenced by your heritage as well as your family

18

Ethnocentrism

Has to do with cultures, comparing someone and saying they are lesser or different due to their culture with often times differs with the accusers culture

19

Personal space

An invisible area surrounding you where you are supposed to be free of people and touches, although this is sometimes invaded

20

Altruism

Doing good things because you believe they are right

21

Diffusion of responsibility

With a group of people you assume someone else will step up and take responsibility

22

Bystander effect

When we see something that is bad or wrong we don't stop it

- the more people that are around the less likely people are to help because they feel it isn't their responsibility

23

Central route persuasion

Get someone to change their mind using facts and information

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Peripheral route persuasion

Convincing someone to change their mind using celebrities, and or emotional stories

25

Foot in the door technique

First maki png a small request and then gradually building up to larger requests

26

Door in the face technique

First make a very large request you know they will say no to and then ask for something smaller making it seem more reasonable to the massive request

27

Cognitive dissonance

When your actions don't match your beliefs

28

Prejudice

An attitude or opinion towards a group of people based on an overgeneralization or stereotype

29

Discrimination

Discrimination is the act of putting prejudice (an attitude or behavior towards a group of people based on stereotypes or an overgeneralization) into actions

30

Stereotype

A social norm that is labeled to a certain group giving them a definition although it does not apply to everyone

31

Scapegoat

Something that is used to take the blame in order for an individual or a group to evade taking responsibility for something

32

Aggression

Physical or verbal behavior intended to harm another person

33

Deindividuation

When we're with a large group we tend to feel anonymous and will therefore act differently than if we were alone

34

Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis

The more you are unable to reach your goals the more aggressive you become

35

In-group

A mentality where everyone in your group is special and unique

36

Out-group

The mentality that everyone who is not in your "in-group" are all the same and don't differ from each other in originality or personality at all

37

Conflict

A situation in which a problem arises between a group of people or yourself

38

Self-fulfilling prophecy

The idea that if you believe that you can or cannot do something in your mind that you are right

39

Passionate love

Infatuated with someone

Want to always be around them

Based a lot on physical attraction

40

Companionate love

A deep appreciation for someone because your lives are so intertwined

41

Equity

Both investing equal amounts into a relationship

42

Self-disclosure

You reveal important info about yourself to the other person

43

Halo effect

Our tendency to assume positive characteristics in people we find attractive

44

Proximity-Mere exposure effect

We often like or love someone simply because we're around them a lot

45

Similarity

Tend to like people we have something in common with

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Zambardo

Prison experiment

Studying how much we will immerse ourself in a role we are given

47

Sherif

Camp experiment

- competition and cooperation

- a common enemy brings a group of people together

48

Kitty Genovese

Bystander effect

Murdered when people were nearby and they knew but they didn't help

49

Asch

Conformity

Confederate sand the line to see if someone would conform to a group even though they knew it was wrong

50

Miligram

Obedience to authority

Shock experiment

2/3 of people conformed

51

Jane Elliot

Cognitive dissonance

With eye colors of the children and discrimination

52

Festinger

Cognitive dissonance

Flipping the peg for $1 and then $20

People for $1 convinced better because they had to convince themselves that it was worth it

53

Conformity

The tendency to act or think like members of a group

54

Reciprocity norm / GRIT

The social norm that people will return favors to each other

Nice things for nice things

55

Social exchange theory

People weigh the potential benefits and risks of social relationships

56

Social responsibility norm

A societal rule that tells people they should help others who need help even if doing so is costly

57

Role

A set of expectations about the ways in which people are supposed to behave in different situations

58

Superordinate goals

Goals that require the cooperation of two or more people or groups to achieve, which usually results in rewards to both of the groups

59

Mere Exposure Effect

A psychological phenomenon by which people tend to develop a preference for things merely because they are familiar with them

60

Other-race effect

The tendency to easily recognize members of one's own race

61

Mirror-Image Perception

Reciprocal views of one another often held by parties in conflict; for example, each group may view itself as moral and peace-loving and the other as evil and aggressive