Intro/ankle Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Intro/ankle Test Deck (63)
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31

What holds bone to bone?

Ligament

32

What holds bone to muscle

Tendon

33

What is an injured ligament called?

Sprain

34

What muscle causes dorsal flexion

Anterior tibialis

35

What is the medial ankle ligament called

The deltoid

36

What is the best friend of an injury

RICE

37

What could break with extreme eversion?

Fibula

38

What ligament could be damaged with an eversion sprain?

Deltoid

39

What 3 ligaments could be damaged with an inversion sprain

ATF
PTF
calcaneo fibular

40

What is plantar flexion?

Pointing of toes

41

What is dorsal flexion?

Pulling toes toward face

42

What is an inversion?

Rolling the ankle so foot is pointing medial

43

What is eversion?

Rolling the ankle so foot is pointing lateral

44

What bones are in the ankle?

Talus
Fibula
Tibia
Lateral malleolus
Medial malleolus

45

What muscles are in the ankle?

Gastroc & the anterior tibialis

46

What is the lateral malleolus connected to?

The tibia

47

What is the medial malleolus connected to?

The fibula

48

Where is the talus located?

Under the tibia

49

What ligaments are in an ankle?

Deltoid
ATF
PTF
Calcaneo fibular

50

Where is the deltoid located?

Attached to the tibia and the talus

51

How is a lateral ankle sprain caused?

Inversion / plantar flexion
Ex. Step on another athletes foot or in a hole

52

How is a medial ankle sprain caused?

Eversion

53

How does a fibula get fractured?

Eversion or direct blow to the lateral side of the ankle

54

How does a tibia get fractured?

Direct anterior blow or twist

55

What is the point test?

Press over ligaments (for sprains)

56

What is the drawer test?

Will show looseness (sprains)

57

What is the tap test for?

Fractures

58

What is the squeeze test for?

Fractures

59

How do you prevent ankle injuries from occurring?

Tape, brace
Stretch surrounding muscles
Strengthen lower leg muscles
Proper footwear

60

What is level 1?

Write ABC's
paper wads
Spear toes
Toe raises
Gastroc stretch