Flashcards in Intro/ankle Test Deck (63)
What holds bone to bone?
What holds bone to muscle
What is an injured ligament called?
What muscle causes dorsal flexion
What is the medial ankle ligament called
What is the best friend of an injury
What could break with extreme eversion?
What ligament could be damaged with an eversion sprain?
What 3 ligaments could be damaged with an inversion sprain
What is plantar flexion?
Pointing of toes
What is dorsal flexion?
Pulling toes toward face
What is an inversion?
Rolling the ankle so foot is pointing medial
What is eversion?
Rolling the ankle so foot is pointing lateral
What bones are in the ankle?
What muscles are in the ankle?
Gastroc & the anterior tibialis
What is the lateral malleolus connected to?
What is the medial malleolus connected to?
Where is the talus located?
Under the tibia
What ligaments are in an ankle?
Where is the deltoid located?
Attached to the tibia and the talus
How is a lateral ankle sprain caused?
Inversion / plantar flexion
Ex. Step on another athletes foot or in a hole
How is a medial ankle sprain caused?
How does a fibula get fractured?
Eversion or direct blow to the lateral side of the ankle
How does a tibia get fractured?
Direct anterior blow or twist
What is the point test?
Press over ligaments (for sprains)
What is the drawer test?
Will show looseness (sprains)
What is the tap test for?
What is the squeeze test for?
How do you prevent ankle injuries from occurring?
Stretch surrounding muscles
Strengthen lower leg muscles