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1

What is ethology?

The biological study of behaviour

2

What is the working definition for behaviour?

Anything an animal does

3

What are Tinbergens four questions?

1. What is the causation of the behaviour?
2. What is the function of the behaviour?
3. How does the behaviour develop ontogeny?
4. How did the behaviour develop during phylogeny?

4

What is applied ethology?

The study of animal behaviour in environments where animals are managed by man

5

What are the two different ways behaviour is studied?

Observation- natural or domestic conditions
Experimentation- controlled conditions

6

What are the benefits of studying animal behaviour?

Improve production, management, welfare
Improve our interactions as companion, leisure or other

7

What is innate behaviour?

Behaviour which is genetically programmed, the animal is born able to perform

8

Give some examples of an innate behaviour

Those that have important survival value:
Reflexes
Feeding
Predator responses
Neonatal behaviours
Sexual behaviour last
Maternal behaviours

9

What is polygenic when talking about behaviour?

The behaviour is derived from more than one gene

10

What is heritability? And does behaviour have low or high?

Proportion of variation in a trait due to genetic effects

Low

11

What are he aims of selecting for certain behaviours?

We are trying to achieve animals to fit into new niches such as:
An under stimulating environment
Unnatural/no social grouping
Frustration of inactivity