Flashcards in Intro To Ethology 1 Deck (11)
What is ethology?
The biological study of behaviour
What is the working definition for behaviour?
Anything an animal does
What are Tinbergens four questions?
1. What is the causation of the behaviour?
2. What is the function of the behaviour?
3. How does the behaviour develop ontogeny?
4. How did the behaviour develop during phylogeny?
What is applied ethology?
The study of animal behaviour in environments where animals are managed by man
What are the two different ways behaviour is studied?
Observation- natural or domestic conditions
Experimentation- controlled conditions
What are the benefits of studying animal behaviour?
Improve production, management, welfare
Improve our interactions as companion, leisure or other
What is innate behaviour?
Behaviour which is genetically programmed, the animal is born able to perform
Give some examples of an innate behaviour
Those that have important survival value:
Sexual behaviour last
What is polygenic when talking about behaviour?
The behaviour is derived from more than one gene
What is heritability? And does behaviour have low or high?
Proportion of variation in a trait due to genetic effects