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Flashcards in Learning Theory And Cognition 5 Deck (12)
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1

What is the definition of learning?

A change in behaviour based on experience

2

What is habituation?

The waning of a response to a repeated stimulus

3

What is sensitisation?

The increasing of a response to a repeated stimulus

4

What is the difference between operant and classical conditioning?

Classical is a trained response to a stimulus
Operant is learnt by itself through a desirable outcome- it is untrained

5

What is clicker training?

Started with dolphin training
Combining classical and operant conditioning
Pair the click to the treat

6

What is positive presentation of a stimulus?

Presentation of a pleasant stimulus or if it’s punishment it is the presentation of an unpleasant stimulus

7

What is negative presentation of a stimulus?

Removal of an aversive stimulus that increases the behaviour of interest, or the removal of a pleasant stimulus to decrease the behaviour of interest

8

When can problems occur in associative learning?

If the behaviour is associated with something else
Can effect behaviour, welfare and human animal relationship

9

What is extinction of a behaviour?

A conditioned response behaviour when not reinforced, can disappear

10

What is overshadowing/blocking?

When the association formed is so strong it can over shadow/block further learning

11

What is systematic desensitisation?

The animal is in comfortable conditions, exposed gradually to the problem stimulus and rewarded for staying calm/appropriate behaviour

12

What is counter conditioning?

Present rewarding stimulus at the same time as aversive, learns that aversive predicts good