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Flashcards in Domestication 2 Deck (15)
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1

What are wild, feral and tame animals?

Wild: left alone in its habitat
Feral: formerly domesticated, escaped and returned to semi-wild state
Tame: they don’t mind humans as much

2

Why are animals domesticated?

Food, materials, transport, power, fuel, feed, fertiliser, pleasure, sport, research

3

What were the first animals to be domesticated?

Farm animals and dog and horse

4

What percentage of DNA do dogs and wolves share?

99.96%

5

Why are comparative behaviour studies between dogs and wolves flawed?

Wolves used in studies are captive animals that do not show their natural behaviour because they are not in their usual social groups

Dogs behave very differently to wolves

Comparisons should not be made

6

What did the 2010 Bateson report on dogs find?

Found lots of problems with breeding dogs for cosmetic reasons

7

What is paedomorphosis and neoteny?

Breeding/selecting for puppy-like qualities or different stages of development

8

What is a favourable group structure?

Large social groups
Hierarchical group structure-less aggression
Males affiliated with female group

9

What is an unfavourable group structure?

Family only groups are harder to manage
Territorial structure
Males in separate group

10

What are favourable sexual behaviours?

Promiscuous matings
Males sexually dominant over females
Sexual signals by movement or posture

11

What are unfavourable sexual behaviours?

Pair bond matings
Male must establish dominance to appease female
Sexual signals by colour

12

What are favourable responses to humans?

Short flight distance
Little disturbed by man or sudden changes in environment

13

What are unfavourable responses to humans?

Extreme wariness and long flight distance
Easily disturbed by man or sudden changes in environment

14

What happens when natural behaviour is suppressed?

Many abnormal repetitive behaviours (stereotypies) resulting from frustrated attempt to express natural behaviour

15

What is the cost of domestication in the horse?

Deleterious mutations have caused gastrointestinal and neurological disease, endocrine system disorders and schizophrenia