Intro to Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

System Screenings I > Intro to Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Pharmacology Deck (24):
1

What are the two things PTs are looking for for in regards to pharmacology?

1. Drug's effect on the body
2. The body's response to the drug

2

How many phases of human studies are there in developing/approving therapeutic agents?

3

3

This phase looks for what happens when the drug gets administered, obvious side effects and uses a small group of healthy people?

Phase I

4

This phase uses a small group of people who have the condition that the drug is attempting to treat; looks at drug levels, how it gets metabolized, adverse effects, safety

Phase II

5

This phase uses a large group of people who have the condition that the drug is attempting to treat; looks at drug levels, how it gets metabolized, adverse effects, safety

Phase III

6

Drug is for people with serious illnesses, so it may move through approval stages faster

Fast track

7

When drug is used to treat something it's not intended for

off-market

8

Name some potential problems with OTC medications

- Prices may be lower, but cost to pt may be higher
- Emphasis on self-care (some may misdiagnose)
- Lack of recognition by consumer that these are real drugs with potential adverse effects, interxns w/ prescriptions, may delay use of more effective prescription drugs

9

Controlled substance: highest potential for abuse, no recognized medical benefits

Schedule I

10

Controlled substance: high potential for abuse, but some medical benefits

Schedule II

11

Controlled substance: Lower abuse potential, mild to moderate physical dependence

Schedule III

12

Controlled substance: Potential abuse

Schedule IV

13

Controlled substance: No potential for abuse

Schedule V

14

Categories of drugs

Drug class

15

Tells what a drug is used for

Indication

16

If a condition exists, you DO NOT want to take that drug

Contraindication

17

If condition exists, you may not want to take that drug; Pt may be at higher risk, but there may be reasons you want that person to take a drug

Caution

18

Bad things that happen to people who receive a drug

Adverse effects

19

Happens when drugs combine with other things in the body; drugs can magnify/inhibit each other; may have effects due to diet

Interactions

20

What are the PT's responsibilities when it comes to a patient's medication?

- Medication administration
- Assessment of medication's effects
- Intervention to increase tolerance of medication regimen
- Providing patient reaching about medications and the medication regimen

21

Measures the effect of the drug on the body

Biophysiological labs

22

Utilization of drugs to prevent, treat, or diagnose disease

Pharmacotherapeutics

23

How the body deals with the drug with respect to absorption, distribution, and elimination

Pharmokinetics

24

What effects the drug as on the body including the mechanism in which it exerts its effects

Pharmacodynamics